A retrospective analysis of autotransplanted teeth including an evaluation of a novel surgical technique.

Raabe, Clemens; Bornstein, Michael M; Ducommun, Julien; Sendi, Pedram; von Arx, Thomas; Janner, Simone F. M. (2021). A retrospective analysis of autotransplanted teeth including an evaluation of a novel surgical technique. Clinical oral investigations, 25(6), pp. 3513-3525. Springer-Verlag 10.1007/s00784-020-03673-y

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OBJECTIVES

To assess survival rates and frequency of complications for immature and mature autotransplanted teeth after at least 1 year in function.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

All consecutive patients who had undergone tooth autotransplantation between 2000 and 2018 were invited to a clinical and radiographic follow-up examination. First, survival rates were calculated on the basis of a phone inquiry. A clinical follow-up examination allowed for the calculation of the success rate, i.e., absence of any potentially adverse clinical and radiographic findings of the autotransplanted teeth. Moreover, the effect of demographic, dental, and surgical variables on survival/success was analyzed statistically.

RESULTS

Thirty-eight teeth in 35 patients were transplanted during the study period. Three teeth in 3 patients were excluded due to missing records. All other patients were successfully contacted and interviewed by phone. Out of these 35 transplants, 32 were still in function, and 3 had been extracted, yielding a 91.4% survival probability after a median follow-up of 3.4 years. Of the 32 teeth qualifying for the success analysis, 20 (62.5%) showed absence of potentially adverse findings, while 3 (9.4%) required root canal treatment (RCT). Out of the 9 mature, root-end resected transplants, 4 exhibited ongoing pulp canal obliteration, all with a single root canal. Postoperative and potentially adverse findings or failures were found more frequently in the group of mature transplants (55.6%) than immature transplants (30.4%) and for molars (72.7%) than premolars (17.6%) or canines (25%). None of the potential predictors had a statistically significant effect on survival or success.

CONCLUSION

Autotransplanted teeth yielded a satisfying midterm survival rate regardless of their stage of development. An additional, extraoral root-end resection of mature transplants may lead to rates of revascularization and postoperative pulp canal obliteration higher than the data reported on unmodified mature transplants.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE

Extraoral root-end resection of mature teeth shows promising outcomes for transplants especially with a single root canal and uncomplicated root morphology.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Oral Surgery and Stomatology

UniBE Contributor:

Raabe, Clemens; Ducommun, Julien; von Arx, Thomas and Janner, Simone

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1432-6981

Publisher:

Springer-Verlag

Language:

English

Submitter:

Caroline Balz

Date Deposited:

30 Dec 2020 16:27

Last Modified:

22 May 2021 01:31

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00784-020-03673-y

PubMed ID:

33263141

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Apicoectomy Autotransplantation Revascularization Root-end resection

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/149361

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/149361

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