Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitor Monotherapy Versus Combination Therapy for the Treatment of Psoriatic Arthritis: Combined Analysis of European Biologics Databases.

Thomas, Matthew L; Shaddick, Gavin; Charlton, Rachel; Cavill, Charlotte; Holland, Richard; Iannone, Florenzo; Lapadula, Giovanni; Lopriore, Simona; Závada, Jakub; Uher, Michal; Pavelka, Karel; Szczuková, Lenka; Sidiropoulos, Prodromos; Flouri, Irini; Drosos, Alexandros; Möller, Burkhard; Nissen, Michael J; Müller, Rüdiger B; Scherer, Almut; McHugh, Neil; ... (2021). Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitor Monotherapy Versus Combination Therapy for the Treatment of Psoriatic Arthritis: Combined Analysis of European Biologics Databases. The journal of rheumatology, 48(1), pp. 48-57. The Journal of Rheumatology Publishing Company Limited 10.3899/jrheum.190815

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OBJECTIVE

To investigate whether tumor necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi) combination therapy with conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (csDMARD) is more effective for psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and/or improves TNFi drug survival compared to TNFi monotherapy.

METHODS

Five PsA biologics cohorts were investigated between 2000 and 2015: the ATTRA registry (Czech Republic); the Swiss Clinical Quality Management PsA registry; the Hellenic Registry of Biologics Therapies (Greece); the University of Bari PsA biologics database (Italy); and the Bath PsA cohort (UK). Drug persistence was analyzed using Kaplan-Meier and equality of survival using log-rank tests. Comparative effectiveness was investigated using logistic regression with propensity scores. Separate analyses were performed on (1) the combined Italian/Swiss cohorts for change in rate of Disease Activity Score in 28 joints (DAS28); and (2) the combined Italian, Swiss, and Bath cohorts for change in rate of Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ).

RESULTS

In total, 2294 patients were eligible for the drug survival analysis. In the Swiss (P = 0.002), Greek (P = 0.021), and Bath (P = 0.014) databases, patients starting TNFi in combination with methotrexate had longer drug survival compared to monotherapy, while in Italy the monotherapy group persisted longer (P = 0.030). In eligible patients from the combined Italian/Swiss dataset (n = 1056), there was no significant difference between treatment arms in rate of change of DAS28. Similarly, when also including the Bath cohort (n = 1205), there was no significant difference in rate of change of HAQ.

CONCLUSION

Combination therapy of a TNFi with a csDMARD does not appear to affect improvement of disease activity or HAQ versus TNFi monotherapy, but it may improve TNFi drug survival.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Dermatology, Urology, Rheumatology, Nephrology, Osteoporosis (DURN) > Clinic of Rheumatology, Clinical Immunology and Allergology

UniBE Contributor:

Möller, Burkhard

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0315-162X

Publisher:

The Journal of Rheumatology Publishing Company Limited

Language:

English

Submitter:

Marlise Bühler Zimmermann

Date Deposited:

23 Dec 2020 14:56

Last Modified:

04 Jan 2021 01:34

Publisher DOI:

10.3899/jrheum.190815

PubMed ID:

32238520

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/149379

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/149379

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