Role of pre-transplant MRD level detected by flow cytometry in recipients of allogeneic stem cell transplantation with AML.

Klyuchnikov, Evgeny; Christopeit, Maximilian; Badbaran, Anita; Bacher, Ulrike; Fritsche-Friedland, Ulrike; von Pein, Ute-Marie; Wolschke, Christine; Kröger, Nicolaus (2021). Role of pre-transplant MRD level detected by flow cytometry in recipients of allogeneic stem cell transplantation with AML. European journal of haematology, 106(5), pp. 606-615. Wiley-Blackwell 10.1111/ejh.13557

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OBJECTIVES AND METHODS

We analyzed the impact of pre-transplant MRD level in bone marrow measured by flow cytometry using "different from normal" method on outcomes for 189 AML patients (108 males; median age, 58 (21-80) years). All patients were subdivided into negative (n=96), "low" (0.1-0.5%, n=32) and "high" MRD (>0.5%, n=61) groups.

RESULTS

In multivariate analysis, the hazard ratios for "high" and "low" MRD levels related to MRD negativity were 7.9 (95% CI 3.5-18.1, p<0.001) and 5.4 (95% CI 2.1-14, p=0.0058) for relapse; 2.3 (95% CI 1.3-4.1, p=0.006) and 1.6 (95% CI 0.82-3.3, p=0.16) for OS; 2.8 (95% CI 1.7-4.7, p<0.001) and 2.2 (95% CI 1.1-4.2, p=0.02) for LFS, respectively. We found no significant impact of "low" MRD level on relapses (0.68, 95% CI 0.33-1.4, p=0.30), OS (0.72, 95% CI: 0.36-1.5, p=0.36) and LFS (0.79, 95% CI: 0.42-1.5, p=0.46) related to "high" MRD group.

CONCLUSIONS

Presence of detectable MRD was indicative for a high relapse risk, low LFS and OS. "Low" MRD level showed no significant impact on relapse, LFS and OS related to "high" MRD group.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Haematology and Central Haematological Laboratory

UniBE Contributor:

Bacher, Vera Ulrike

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0902-4441

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Pierrette Durand Lüthi

Date Deposited:

05 Jan 2021 11:34

Last Modified:

26 Apr 2021 01:32

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/ejh.13557

PubMed ID:

33249666

Uncontrolled Keywords:

acute myeloid leukemia (AML) allogeneic stem cell transplantation minimal residual disease (MRD) multicolor flow cytometry (MFC) relapse

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/149533

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/149533

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