Southern Ocean upwelling, Earth’s obliquity, and glacial-interglacial atmospheric CO 2 change

Ai, Xuyuan E.; Studer, Anja S.; Sigman, Daniel M.; Martínez-García, Alfredo; Fripiat, François; Thöle, Lena M.; Michel, Elisabeth; Gottschalk, Julia; Arnold, Laura; Moretti, Simone; Schmitt, Mareike; Oleynik, Sergey; Jaccard, Samuel L.; Haug, Gerald H. (2020). Southern Ocean upwelling, Earth’s obliquity, and glacial-interglacial atmospheric CO 2 change. Science, 370(6522), pp. 1348-1352. American Association for the Advancement of Science 10.1126/science.abd2115

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Previous studies have suggested that during the late Pleistocene ice ages, surface-deep exchange was somehow weakened in the Southern Ocean’s Antarctic Zone, which reduced the leakage of deeply sequestered carbon dioxide and thus contributed to the lower atmospheric carbon dioxide levels of the ice ages. Here, high-resolution diatom-bound nitrogen isotope measurements from the Indian sector of the Antarctic Zone reveal three modes of change in Southern Westerly Wind–driven upwelling, each affecting atmospheric carbon dioxide. Two modes, related to global climate and the bipolar seesaw, have been proposed previously. The third mode—which arises from the meridional temperature gradient as affected by Earth’s obliquity (axial tilt)—can explain the lag of atmospheric carbon dioxide behind climate during glacial inception and deglaciation. This obliquity-induced lag, in turn, makes carbon dioxide a delayed climate amplifier in the late Pleistocene glacial cycles.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

10 Strategic Research Centers > Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research (OCCR)
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences

UniBE Contributor:

Jaccard, Samuel

Subjects:

500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology

ISSN:

0036-8075

Publisher:

American Association for the Advancement of Science

Language:

English

Submitter:

Samuel Jaccard

Date Deposited:

22 Dec 2020 10:03

Last Modified:

22 Dec 2020 10:10

Publisher DOI:

10.1126/science.abd2115

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.149574

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/149574

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