Liquid Platelet-Rich Fibrin and Heat-Coagulated Albumin Gel: Bioassays for TGF-β Activity.

Kargarpour, Zahra; Nasirzade, Jila; Panahipour, Layla; Miron, Richard J.; Gruber, Reinhard (2020). Liquid Platelet-Rich Fibrin and Heat-Coagulated Albumin Gel: Bioassays for TGF-β Activity. Materials, 13(16) Molecular Diversity Preservation International MDPI 10.3390/ma13163466

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Liquid platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) can be prepared by high centrifugation forces separating the blood into a platelet-poor plasma (PPP) layer and a cell-rich buffy coat layer, termed concentrated PRF (C-PRF). Heating the liquid PPP was recently introduced to prepare an albumin gel (Alb-gel) that is later mixed back with the concentrated liquid C-PRF to generate Alb-PRF. PRF is a rich source of TGF-β activity; however, the overall TGF-β activity in the PPP and the impact of heating the upper plasma layer remains unknown. Here, we investigated for the first time the in vitro TGF-β activity of all fractions of Alb-PRF. We report that exposure of oral fibroblasts with lysates of PPP and the buffy coat layer, but not with heated PPP, provoked a robust increase in the TGF-β target genes interleukin 11 and NADPH oxidase 4 by RT-PCR, and for IL11 by immunoassay. Consistent with the activation of TGF-β signaling, expression changes were blocked in the presence of the TGF-β receptor type I kinase inhibitor SB431542. Immunofluorescence and Western blot further confirmed that lysates of PPP and the buffy coat layer, but not heated PPP, induced the nuclear translocation of Smad2/3 and increased phosphorylation of Smad3. The immunoassay further revealed that PPP and particularly BC are rich in active TGF-β compared to heated PPP. These results strengthen the evidence that not only the cell-rich C-PRF but also PPP comprise a TGF-β activity that is, however, heat sensitive. It thus seems relevant to mix the heated PPP with the buffy coat C-PRF layer to regain TGF-β activity, as proposed during the preparation of Alb-PRF.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Periodontology
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > School of Dental Medicine, Periodontics Research

UniBE Contributor:

Miron, Richard John and Gruber, Reinhard

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1996-1944

Publisher:

Molecular Diversity Preservation International MDPI

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Burri

Date Deposited:

05 Jan 2021 12:04

Last Modified:

05 Jan 2021 12:04

Publisher DOI:

10.3390/ma13163466

PubMed ID:

32781631

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Albumin TGF-β fibrin platelet-poor plasma platelet-rich fibrin

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/149747

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/149747

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