Jardins écologiques avant la lettre ? Lectures de Rousseau, Goethe, Sand et Hesse à la lumière de Gilles Clément

Fournier Kiss, Corinne (2021). Jardins écologiques avant la lettre ? Lectures de Rousseau, Goethe, Sand et Hesse à la lumière de Gilles Clément (In Press). In: Humanités environnementales en France et en Allemagne : Circulations et renouvellement des savoirs sur la forêt, le jardin et le végétal/Environmental Humanities in Frankreich und Deutschland: Wälder, Gärten,Pflanzen: Wissenstransfer und Wissenserneuerung. Studien zu Literatur, Kultur und Umwelt (pp. 157-179). Berlin: Peter Lang

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The art of gardens, under the guise of an equitable collaboration between culture and nature, most often shows uniquely anthropocentric concerns: the human being bends nature to his will in order to satisfy his aesthetic or emotional needs, and takes little account of the rhythm, behavior and diversity of the flora and vegetation themselves. However, long before the “ecological turn” of the 1970s, there are literary works which, in their representations of gardens, do not content themselves with applying the horticultural fashions of the moment, but evince a kind of ecological awareness that far exceeded the concerns of their time: this is what a careful study of some texts by Rousseau, Goethe, Sand and Hesse reveals. In these texts, the solidarity of the writer with the “genius of nature” (Gilles Clément) takes different forms: it sometimes manifests itself through discreet, at first sight only incidental, comments by a protagonist; elsewhere through an indirect critique (through narrative irony) of the denaturation of nature; in yet other instances through the concrete proposal of a new art of living in gardens, and perhaps even of a new art of living of gardens.

Item Type:

Book Section (Book Chapter)


06 Faculty of Humanities > Department of Linguistics and Literary Studies > Institute of French Language and Literature

UniBE Contributor:

Fournier Kiss, Corinne


500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)
800 Literature, rhetoric & criticism > 830 German & related literatures
800 Literature, rhetoric & criticism > 840 French & related literatures


Studien zu Literatur, Kultur und Umwelt


Peter Lang




Corinne Ingrid Fournier Kiss

Date Deposited:

22 Feb 2021 10:40

Last Modified:

12 Mar 2021 01:53

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Rousseau ‒ Goethe ‒ George Sand ‒ Hermann Hesse ‒ French Formal Garden ‒ English Garden ‒ Natural Garden ‒ Ecological Garden



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