In situ split plus portal vein ligation (ISLT) - a salvage procedure following inefficient portal vein embolization to gain adequate future liver remnant volume prior to extended liver resection.

Lehwald-Tywuschik, Nadja; Vaghiri, Sascha; Schulte Am Esch, Jan; Alaghmand, Salman; Klosterkemper, Yan; Schimmöller, Lars; Lachenmayer, Anja; Ashmawy, Hany; Krieg, Andreas; Topp, Stefan A; Rehders, Alexander; Knoefel, Wolfram Trudo (2020). In situ split plus portal vein ligation (ISLT) - a salvage procedure following inefficient portal vein embolization to gain adequate future liver remnant volume prior to extended liver resection. BMC surgery, 20(1), p. 63. BioMed Central 10.1186/s12893-020-00721-y

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BACKGROUND

Right extended liver resection is frequently required to achieve tumor-free margins. Portal venous embolization (PVE) of the prospective resected hepatic segments for conditioning segments II/III does not always induce adequate hypertrophy in segments II and III (future liver remnant volume (FLRV)) for extended right-resection. Here, we present the technique of in situ split dissection along segments II/III plus portal disruption to segments IV-VIII (ISLT) as a salvage procedure to overcome inadequate gain of FLRV after PVE.

METHODS

In eight patients, FLRV was further pre-conditioned following failed PVE prior to hepatectomy (ISLT-group). We compared FLRV changes in the ISLT group with patients receiving extended right hepatectomy following sufficient PVE (PVEres-group). Survival of the ISLT-group was compared to PVEres patients and PVE patients with insufficient FLRV gain or tumor progress who did not receive further surgery (PVEnores-group).

RESULTS

Patient characteristics and surgical outcome were comparable in both groups. The mean FLRV-to-body-weight ratio in the ISLT group was smaller than in the PVEres-group pre- and post-PVE. One intraoperative mortality due to a coronary infarction was observed for an ISLT patient. ISLT was successfully completed in the remaining seven ISLT patients. Liver function and 2-year survival of ~ 50% was comparable to patients with extended right hepatectomy after efficient PVE. Patients who received a PVE but who were not subsequently resected (PVEnores) demonstrated no survival beyond 4 months.

CONCLUSION

Despite extended embolization of segments I and IV-VIII, ISLT should be considered if hypertrophy was not adequate. Liver function and overall survival after ISLT was comparable to patients with trisectionectomy after efficient PVE.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine > Visceral Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Lachenmayer, Anja

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1471-2482

Publisher:

BioMed Central

Language:

English

Submitter:

Rahel Fuhrer

Date Deposited:

22 Dec 2020 12:16

Last Modified:

14 Mar 2021 03:46

Publisher DOI:

10.1186/s12893-020-00721-y

PubMed ID:

32252737

Uncontrolled Keywords:

ALPPS Future liver remnant In situ split Liver hypertrophy Liver resection

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.150025

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/150025

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