Mycoplasma penetrans bacteremia in an immunocompromised patient detected by metagenomic sequencing: a case report.

Preiswerk, Benjamin; Imkamp, Frank; Vorburger, Denise; Hömke, Rico V.; Keller, Peter M.; Wagner, Karoline (2020). Mycoplasma penetrans bacteremia in an immunocompromised patient detected by metagenomic sequencing: a case report. BMC infectious diseases, 20(1), p. 7. BioMed Central 10.1186/s12879-019-4723-7

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Background
Mycoplasma sp. are well recognized as etiological agents of respiratory and sexually transmitted disease. Mycoplasma penetrans, a species of Mycoplasma sp., has been frequently detected in HIV-positive patients and associated with the progression of HIV-associated disease. To date, there is only a single case report describing M. penetrans as the causative agent of a severe respiratory tract infection in a HIV-negative patient.

Case presentation
In this report, we describe the case of M. penetrans bacteremia in a HIV-negative, 38-year-old, female, immunocompromised, solid organ transplant patient (combined kidney and pancreas transplantation in 2016), who was admitted to our hospital with anemic uterine bleeding and fever of 38.3 °C. Several hours before her admission at our university hospital, a latex bladder catheter was inserted into her uterus and she complained about fatigue, dizziness and ongoing vaginal bleeding. Laboratory examination showed severe anemia, but microbiological examination was inconspicuous (culture negative vaginal and cervical smears, negative urine culture). Bacterial blood cultures showed a growth signal after 4 h, but microscopic examination with Gram staining and subcultures on different agar media did not identify bacterial pathogens. To identify the bacterial cause of malignancy in the patient, metagenomic sequencing of the blood culture was performed that identified M. penetrans.

Conclusion
Metagenomic sequencing identified M. penetrans in an immunosuppressed patient with culture-negative bacteremia. Clinicians should be aware of the opportunistic potential of M. penetrans that may cause severe infections in certain vulnerable patient populations and the limitations of culture and Gram staining for confirming the presence of fastidious bacterial pathogens like Mycoplasma spp.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute for Infectious Diseases > Research
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute for Infectious Diseases > Clinical Microbiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute for Infectious Diseases > Bacteriology FB)

UniBE Contributor:

Keller, Peter Michael

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology

ISSN:

1471-2334

Publisher:

BioMed Central

Funders:

[UNSPECIFIED] Universität Zürich

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Michael Keller

Date Deposited:

13 Jan 2021 11:47

Last Modified:

17 Jan 2021 02:54

Publisher DOI:

10.1186/s12879-019-4723-7

PubMed ID:

31900105

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Mycoplasma penetrans Bacteremia Immune deficiency Metagenomic sequencing

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/150055

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/150055

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