Toward a Better Understanding of Electrocochleography: Analysis of Real-Time Recordings.

Weder, Stefan; Bester, Christofer; Collins, Aaron; Shaul, Chanan; Briggs, Robert J; O'Leary, Stephen (2020). Toward a Better Understanding of Electrocochleography: Analysis of Real-Time Recordings. Ear and hearing, 41(6), pp. 1560-1567. Wolters Kluwer Health 10.1097/AUD.0000000000000871

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OBJECTIVES

Real-time electrocochleography (ECochG) has been used as a monitoring tool during cochlear implantation (CI), whereby, amplitude drops have been correlated with postoperative acoustic hearing results. However, no consensus has been reached as to how a single event of an amplitude drop should be characterized. The aim of this study was to identify ECochG events that predict loss of hearing 1 month after surgery.

DESIGN

Fifty-five patients were included in this prospective cohort study. Real-time ECochG measurements were performed during CI electrode insertion. Single ECochG events were characterized according to their amplitude loss and slope steepness.

RESULTS

Using receiver operating characteristic analyses, the most efficient cut-off criterion for a relative hearing loss of 25% was an amplitude loss of 61% at a fixed slope steepness of 0.2 µV/sec. Three-quarters of our population had at least one such event during implantation. Most events occurred shortly before full insertion. With increasing number of events, median residual hearing thresholds deteriorated for all frequencies. Larger amplitude drops trended toward worse hearing preservation. Signal recovery after an ECochG event could not be correlated to acoustic hearing outcomes.

CONCLUSIONS

Our data suggest that amplitude drops exceeding 61% of the ongoing signal at a slope steepness of 0.2 µV/sec are correlated with worse acoustic hearing preservation. Clearly defined ECochG events have the potential to guide surgeons during CI in the future. This is essential if a fully automated data analysis is to be employed or benchmarking undertaken.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders (ENT)

UniBE Contributor:

Weder, Stefan

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0196-0202

Publisher:

Wolters Kluwer Health

Language:

English

Submitter:

Stefan Weder

Date Deposited:

13 Jan 2021 15:58

Last Modified:

24 Mar 2021 02:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1097/AUD.0000000000000871

PubMed ID:

33136631

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/150353

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/150353

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