Variants of STAR, AMH and ZFPM2/FOG2 May Contribute towards the Broad Phenotype Observed in 46,XY DSD Patients with Heterozygous Variants of NR5A1.

Martínez de LaPiscina, Idoia; Mahmoud, Rana Aa; Sauter, Kay-Sara; Esteva, Isabel; Alonso, Milagros; Costa, Ines; Rial-Rodriguez, Jose Manuel; Rodríguez-Estévez, Amaia; Vela, Amaia; Castano, Luis; Flück, Christa E. (2020). Variants of STAR, AMH and ZFPM2/FOG2 May Contribute towards the Broad Phenotype Observed in 46,XY DSD Patients with Heterozygous Variants of NR5A1. International journal of molecular sciences, 21(22) MDPI 10.3390/ijms21228554

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Variants of NR5A1 are often found in individuals with 46,XY disorders of sex development (DSD) and manifest with a very broad spectrum of clinical characteristics and variable sex hormone levels. Such complex phenotypic expression can be due to the inheritance of additional genetic hits in DSD-associated genes that modify sex determination, differentiation and organ function in patients with heterozygous NR5A1 variants. Here we describe the clinical, biochemical and genetic features of a series of seven patients harboring monoallelic variants in the NR5A1 gene. We tested the transactivation activity of novel NR5A1 variants. We additionally included six of these patients in a targeted diagnostic gene panel for DSD and identified a second genetic hit in known DSD-causing genes STAR, AMH and ZFPM2/FOG2 in three individuals. Our study increases the number of NR5A1 variants related to 46,XY DSD and supports the hypothesis that a digenic mode of inheritance may contribute towards the broad spectrum of phenotypes observed in individuals with a heterozygous NR5A1 variation.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > Unit Childrens Hospital > Forschungsgruppe Endokrinologie / Diabetologie / Metabolik (Pädiatrie)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine > Endocrinology/Metabolic Disorders

UniBE Contributor:

Flück Pandey, Christa Emma

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology

ISSN:

1422-0067

Publisher:

MDPI

Language:

English

Submitter:

Christa Emma Flück Pandey

Date Deposited:

28 Dec 2020 18:12

Last Modified:

28 Dec 2020 18:20

Publisher DOI:

10.3390/ijms21228554

PubMed ID:

33202802

Uncontrolled Keywords:

AMH DSD FOG2 NR5A1/SF1 STAR disorder/difference of sex development genotype–phenotype correlation oligogenic disorders steroidogenic factor 1

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/150407

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/150407

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