[New technologies (robotics, custom-made) in unicondylar knee arthroplasty-pro].

Meier, Malin; Calliess, Tilman; Tibesku, Carsten; Beckmann, Johannes (2021). [New technologies (robotics, custom-made) in unicondylar knee arthroplasty-pro]. Der Orthopäde, 50(2), pp. 130-135. Springer 10.1007/s00132-020-04058-5

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BACKGROUND

Unicondylar knee arthroplasty offers the advantage that partial degenerative changes can be addressed with partial prosthetic solutions, thus preserving as much of the native joint as possible, including the cruciate ligaments. On the other hand, the number of revisions is still higher than for total knee endoprosthetics. In the literature, the causes mentioned are insufficient fit of the components as well as surgical errors. The use of new technologies to achieve a better fit and higher surgical precision and reproducibility, therefore, represents a promising approach.

INDIVIDUAL ENDOPROSTHETICS

Individual endoprosthetics offers the advantage that the prosthesis is adapted to the individual anatomy of each patient and not the patient's anatomy to the prosthesis, as is the case with standard prostheses. This allows for an optimal fit of the prosthesis while avoiding excessive bone resections and soft tissue releases.

ROBOTICS

The use of robotics in endoprosthetics makes it easier to correctly perform bone resections and align components. This ensures high and reproducible precision even for surgeons with lower case numbers. Studies on individual unicondylar endoprosthetics and robotics are reporting promising results. However, long-term results of high-quality randomized studies must be awaited in order to make a scientifically sound statement.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Orthopaedic, Plastic and Hand Surgery (DOPH) > Clinic of Orthopaedic Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Meier, Malin Kristin

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1433-0431

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

German

Submitter:

Kathrin Aeschlimann

Date Deposited:

26 Jan 2021 16:09

Last Modified:

06 Feb 2021 01:34

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00132-020-04058-5

PubMed ID:

33346868

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Customized Partial knee replacement Patient specific Personalized medicine Unikompartmental

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/150499

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/150499

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