Properties of gaseous closo -[B 6 X 6 ] 2− dianions (X = Cl, Br, I)

Rohdenburg, Markus; Yang, Zheng; Su, Pei; Bernhardt, Eduard; Yuan, Qinqin; Apra, Edoardo; Grabowsky, Simon; Laskin, Julia; Jenne, Carsten; Wang, Xue-Bin; Warneke, Jonas (2020). Properties of gaseous closo -[B 6 X 6 ] 2− dianions (X = Cl, Br, I). Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 22(31), pp. 17713-17724. Royal Society of Chemistry 10.1039/d0cp02581j

073_Rohdenburg2020_PhysChemChemPhys.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution-Noncommercial (CC-BY-NC).

Download (2MB) | Preview

Electronic structure, collision-induced dissociation (CID) and bond properties of closo-[B6X6]2− (X = Cl–I) are investigated in direct comparison with their closo-[B12X12]2− analogues. Photoelectron spectroscopy (PES) and theoretical investigations reveal that [B6X6]2− dianions are electronically significantly less stable than the corresponding [B12X12]2− species. Although [B6Cl6]2− is slightly electronically unstable, [B6Br6]2− and [B6I6]2− are intrinsically stable dianions. Consistent with the trend in the electron detachment energy, loss of an electron (e− loss) is observed in CID of [B6X6]2− (X = Cl, Br) but not for [B6I6]2−. Halogenide loss (X− loss) is common for [B6X6]2− (X = Br, I) and [B12X12]2− (X = Cl, Br, I). Meanwhile, X˙ loss is only observed for [B12X12]2− (X = Br, I) species. The calculated reaction enthalpies of the three competing dissociation pathways (e−, X− and X˙ loss) indicated a strong influence of kinetic factors on the observed fragmentation patterns. The repulsive Coulomb barrier (RCB) determines the transition state for the e− and X− losses. A significantly lower RCB for X− loss than for e− loss was found in both experimental and theoretical investigations and can be rationalized by the recently introduced concept of electrophilic anions. The positive reaction enthalpies for X− losses are significantly lower for [B6X6]2− than for [B12X12]2−, while enthalpies for X˙ losses are higher. These observations are consistent with a difference in bond character of the B–X bonds in [B6X6]2− and [B12X12]2−. A complementary bonding analysis using QTAIM, NPA and ELI-D based methods suggests that B–X bonds in [B12X12]2− have a stronger covalent character than in [B6X6]2−, in which X has a stronger halide character.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


08 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry, Biochemistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences (DCBP)

UniBE Contributor:

Grabowsky, Simon


500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
500 Science > 540 Chemistry




Royal Society of Chemistry




Simon Grabowsky

Date Deposited:

02 Feb 2021 16:34

Last Modified:

02 Feb 2021 16:34

Publisher DOI:





Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback