Cerebral Autoregulation and Neurovascular Coupling after Craniospinal Irradiation in Long-Term Survivors of Malignant Pediatric Brain Tumors of the Posterior Fossa.

Janzarik, Wibke G; Sander, Milena; Rössler, Jochen; Sommerlade, Linda; Allignol, Arthur; Reinhard, Matthias (2021). Cerebral Autoregulation and Neurovascular Coupling after Craniospinal Irradiation in Long-Term Survivors of Malignant Pediatric Brain Tumors of the Posterior Fossa. Neuropediatrics, 52(1), pp. 12-18. Hippokrates Verlag 10.1055/s-0040-1709452

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INTRODUCTION

Long-term survivors of craniospinal irradiation have an increased risk for stroke which increases with radiation dose and follow-up time. Radiotherapy induces structural changes of the cerebral vasculature, affecting both, large, and small vessels. It is unknown how these structural changes affect functional mechanisms of cerebral blood flow regulation such as cerebral autoregulation and neurovascular coupling.

METHODS

Using the transcranial Doppler, we compared dynamic cerebral autoregulation and neurovascular coupling of 12 patients after long-term survival of craniospinal irradiation due to a malignant pediatric brain tumor of the posterior fossa and 12 age- and sex-matched healthy patients. Mean arterial blood pressure and cerebral blood flow velocities in the middle and posterior cerebral artery were recorded at rest during normal breathing to assess cerebral autoregulation (transfer function parameters phase and gain, as well as the correlation coefficient indices Mx, Sx, and Dx), and during 10 cycles of a visual task to assess neurovascular coupling (parameters time delay, natural frequency, gain, attenuation, and rate time).

RESULTS

Parameters of cerebral autoregulation showed a consistent trend toward reduced cerebral autoregulation in patients that did not reach statistical significance. Neurovascular coupling was not altered after craniospinal irradiation.

CONCLUSION

In this pilot study, we demonstrated a trend toward reduced cerebral autoregulation, and no alteration of neurovascular coupling after irradiation in long-term survivors of malignant pediatric brain tumors of the posterior fossa.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine > Paediatric Haematology/Oncology

UniBE Contributor:

Rössler, Jochen Karl

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0174-304X

Publisher:

Hippokrates Verlag

Language:

English

Submitter:

Jochen Karl Rössler

Date Deposited:

27 Jan 2021 11:55

Last Modified:

29 Jan 2021 01:35

Publisher DOI:

10.1055/s-0040-1709452

PubMed ID:

33065751

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/150730

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