Novel MHC-Independent αβTCRs Specific for CD48, CD102, and CD155 Self-Proteins and Their Selection in the Thymus.

Van Laethem, François; Saba, Ingrid; Lu, Jinghua; Bhattacharya, Abhisek; Tai, Xuguang; Guinter, Terry I; Engelhardt, Britta; Alag, Amala; Rojano, Mirelle; Ashe, Jennifer M; Hanada, Ken-Ichi; Yang, James C; Sun, Peter D; Singer, Alfred (2020). Novel MHC-Independent αβTCRs Specific for CD48, CD102, and CD155 Self-Proteins and Their Selection in the Thymus. Frontiers in immunology, 11, p. 1216. Frontiers Research Foundation 10.3389/fimmu.2020.01216

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MHC-independent αβTCRs (TCRs) recognize conformational epitopes on native self-proteins and arise in mice lacking both MHC and CD4/CD8 coreceptor proteins. Although naturally generated in the thymus, these TCRs resemble re-engineered therapeutic chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells in their specificity for MHC-independent ligands. Here we identify naturally arising MHC-independent TCRs reactive to three native self-proteins (CD48, CD102, and CD155) involved in cell adhesion. We report that naturally arising MHC-independent TCRs require high affinity TCR-ligand engagements in the thymus to signal positive selection and that high affinity positive selection generates a peripheral TCR repertoire with limited diversity and increased self-reactivity. We conclude that the affinity of TCR-ligand engagements required to signal positive selection in the thymus inversely determines the diversity and self-tolerance of the mature TCR repertoire that is selected.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Theodor Kocher Institute

UniBE Contributor:

Engelhardt, Britta

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1664-3224

Publisher:

Frontiers Research Foundation

Language:

English

Submitter:

Ursula Zingg-Zünd

Date Deposited:

14 Jan 2021 15:58

Last Modified:

17 Mar 2021 05:07

Publisher DOI:

10.3389/fimmu.2020.01216

PubMed ID:

32612609

Uncontrolled Keywords:

MHC restriction MHC-independent coreceptors thymic selection tolerance

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/150903

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/150903

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