Dihydropyrimidine Dehydrogenase Testing prior to Treatment with 5-Fluorouracil, Capecitabine, and Tegafur: A Consensus Paper.

Wörmann, Bernhard; Bokemeyer, Carsten; Burmeister, Thomas; Köhne, Claus-Henning; Schwab, Matthias; Arnold, Dirk; Blohmer, Jens-Uwe; Borner, Markus; Brucker, Sara; Cascorbi, Ingolf; Decker, Thomas; de Wit, Maike; Dietz, Andreas; Einsele, Hermann; Eisterer, Wolfgang; Folprecht, Gunnar; Hilbe, Wolfgang; Hoffmann, Jürgen; Knauf, Wolfgang; Kunzmann, Volker; ... (2020). Dihydropyrimidine Dehydrogenase Testing prior to Treatment with 5-Fluorouracil, Capecitabine, and Tegafur: A Consensus Paper. Oncology research and treatment, 43(11), pp. 628-636. Karger 10.1159/000510258

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5-Fluorouracil (FU) is one of the most commonly used cytostatic drugs in the systemic treatment of cancer. Treatment with FU may cause severe or life-threatening side effects and the treatment-related mortality rate is 0.2-1.0%.


Among other risk factors associated with increased toxicity, a genetic deficiency in dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD), an enzyme responsible for the metabolism of FU, is well known. This is due to variants in the DPD gene (DPYD). Up to 9% of European patients carry a DPD gene variant that decreases enzyme activity, and DPD is completely lacking in approximately 0.5% of patients. Here we describe the clinical and genetic background and summarize recommendations for the genetic testing and tailoring of treatment with 5-FU derivatives. The statement was developed as a consensus statement organized by the German Society for Hematology and Medical Oncology in cooperation with 13 medical associations from Austria, Germany, and Switzerland. Key Messages: (i) Patients should be tested for the 4 most common genetic DPYD variants before treatment with drugs containing FU. (ii) Testing forms the basis for a differentiated, risk-adapted algorithm with recommendations for treatment with FU-containing drugs. (iii) Testing may optionally be supplemented by therapeutic drug monitoring.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Institute of Clinical Chemistry

UniBE Contributor:

Largiadèr, Carlo Rodolfo


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








Karin Balmer

Date Deposited:

18 Jan 2021 11:59

Last Modified:

18 Jan 2021 11:59

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

5-Fluorouacil Capecitabine Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase mutation Genetic testing Tegafur





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