Diagnosis of adult-onset MELAS syndrome in a 63-year-old patient with suspected recurrent strokes - a case report.

Sinnecker, Tim; Andelova, Michaela; Mayr, Michael; Rüegg, Stephan; Sinnreich, Michael; Hench, Juergen; Frank, Stephan; Schaller, André; Stippich, Christoph; Wuerfel, Jens; Bonati, Leo H (2019). Diagnosis of adult-onset MELAS syndrome in a 63-year-old patient with suspected recurrent strokes - a case report. BMC neurology, 19(1), p. 91. BioMed Central 10.1186/s12883-019-1306-6

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BACKGROUND

Mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) is a mitochondrial cytopathy caused by mutations in mitochondrial DNA. Clinical manifestation is typically before the age of 40.

CASE PRESENTATION

We present the case of a 63-year-old female in whom the symptoms of MELAS were initially misdiagnosed as episodes of recurrent ischemic strokes. Brain imaging including MRI, clinical and laboratory findings that lent cues to the diagnosis of MELAS are discussed. In addition, MRI findings in MELAS in comparison to imaging mimics of MELAS are presented.

CONCLUSIONS

This case underscores the importance of considering MELAS as a potential cause of recurrent stroke-like events if imaging findings are untypical for cerebral infarction, even among middle-aged patients with vascular risk factors.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinics of Human Genetics
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Schaller, André

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1471-2377

Publisher:

BioMed Central

Language:

English

Submitter:

André Schaller

Date Deposited:

10 Feb 2021 18:35

Last Modified:

19 Feb 2021 10:59

Publisher DOI:

10.1186/s12883-019-1306-6

PubMed ID:

31068171

Uncontrolled Keywords:

MELAS MRI Recurrent ischemic strokes Stroke-like episodes

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/151285

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/151285

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