WiFi-RITA Positioning: Enhanced Crowdsourcing Positioning based on Massive Noisy User Traces

Li, Zan; Zhao, Xiaohui; Zhao, Zhongliang; Braun, Torsten (2021). WiFi-RITA Positioning: Enhanced Crowdsourcing Positioning based on Massive Noisy User Traces. IEEE transactions on wireless communications IEEE

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Traditional WiFi positioning relies on a predefined radio map, which is labor-intensive and time-consuming for professionals. Recently, crowdsourcing has emerged as a promising solution for facilitating WiFi positioning. To crowdsense a radio map, traces collected from normal users are merged to recover the original walking paths. In this work, we design a robust iterative trace merging algorithm called WiFi-RITA based on WiFi access points as signal-marks. The algorithm formulates the trace merging problem as an optimization problem in which each trace is translated and rotated to minimize the limitation of distances among traces defined by WiFi access points. WiFi- RITA is further enhanced by removing outliers. WiFi-RITA is robust to the rotation errors of traces and efficient for a large number of short traces. According to the crowdsensed radio map, a sensor fusion approach based on particle filter by fusing inertial sensors and a multivariate Gaussian fingerprinting is proposed to enhance the accuracy of crowdsourcing indoor positioning. The experiment results in two large-scale environments demonstrate that WiFi-RITA positioning with zero-effort calibration achieves high positioning accuracy, which outperforms Pedestrian Dead Reckoning (PDR) and fingerprinting with K Nearest Neighbor.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Computer Science (INF) > Communication and Distributed Systems (CDS)
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Computer Science (INF)

UniBE Contributor:

Li, Zan; Zhao, Zhongliang and Braun, Torsten

Subjects:

000 Computer science, knowledge & systems
500 Science > 510 Mathematics

ISSN:

1536-1276

Publisher:

IEEE

Language:

English

Submitter:

Dimitrios Xenakis

Date Deposited:

02 Feb 2021 14:46

Last Modified:

24 Mar 2021 10:38

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Indoor Positioning; Crowdsourcing; WiFi

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/151521

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/151521

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