The future of charcoal, firewood, and biogas in Kitui County and Kilimanjaro Region: Scenario development for policy support

Bär, Roger; Reinhard, Jürgen; Ehrensperger, Albrecht; Kiteme, Boniface; Mkunda, Thomas; Wymann von Dach, Susanne (2021). The future of charcoal, firewood, and biogas in Kitui County and Kilimanjaro Region: Scenario development for policy support. Energy policy, 150(112067), p. 112067. Elsevier 10.1016/j.enpol.2020.112067

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Most households in sub-Saharan Africa rely on wood-based cooking fuels and their number is expected to rise. Despite this, national and subnational energy policies often neglect biomass cooking fuels. A Formative Scenario Analysis process is applied to show how the cooking fuel sector in Kilimanjaro Region (Tanzania) and Kitui County (Kenya) might evolve by 2030. In order to provide relevant knowledge for potential energy policies, this paper aims to identify the main drivers impacting the cooking fuel sector, and to assess and explore current and future demand and supply potential of biomass cooking fuels. Our results show that policies have the potential to substantially impact the future mix of cooking fuels and to foster or hamper the use of efficient cooking fuel technologies. Half of Kilimanjaro Region’s households could be supplied with biogas; in Kitui County, wood-based cooking fuels is likely to remain dominant but improving the efficiency of the technologies would reduce the demand for wood considerably. Hence, we argue that energy policies should explicitly consider biomass cooking fuels and endeavour to make this sector more sustainable and that priority should be given to increasing the sustainability of the biomass cooking fuel sector. Key leverage points to do so are improving the access to improved biomass technologies and capacity building.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Geographies of Sustainability > Unit Land Systems and Sustainable Land Management (LS-SLM)
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Geographies of Sustainability
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
10 Strategic Research Centers > Centre for Development and Environment (CDE)

Graduate School:

International Graduate School North-South (IGS North-South)

UniBE Contributor:

Bär, Roger; Ehrensperger, Albrecht and Wymann von Dach, Susanne

Subjects:

900 History > 910 Geography & travel

ISSN:

0301-4215

Publisher:

Elsevier

Projects:

[410] Prospect of Biomass Energy in East Africa
[805] Sustainability Governance

Language:

English

Submitter:

Stephan Schmidt

Date Deposited:

29 Jan 2021 14:56

Last Modified:

25 Feb 2021 12:45

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.enpol.2020.112067

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Cooking fuels, Biomass, Scenarios, Supply potential, Fuel consumption

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/151564

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/151564

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