Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of l-methadone in isoflurane-anaesthetized and mechanically ventilated ponies.

Gittel, Claudia; Schulz-Kornas, Ellen; Sandbaumhüter, Friederike A.; Theurillat, Regula; Vervuert, Ingrid; Larenza Menzies, M Paula; Thormann, Wolfgang; Braun, Christina (2021). Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of l-methadone in isoflurane-anaesthetized and mechanically ventilated ponies. Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia, 48(2), pp. 213-222. Elsevier 10.1016/j.vaa.2020.04.018

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OBJECTIVE

To evaluate the pharmacokinetics and selected pharmacodynamic effects of a commercially available l-methadone/fenpipramide combination administered to isoflurane anaesthetized ponies.

STUDY DESIGN

Prospective single-group interventional study.

ANIMALS

A group of six healthy adult research ponies (four mares, two geldings).

METHODS

Ponies were sedated with intravenous (IV) detomidine (0.02 mg kg-1) and butorphanol (0.01 mg kg-1) for an unrelated study. Additional IV detomidine (0.004 mg kg-1) was administered 85 minutes later, followed by induction of anaesthesia using IV diazepam (0.05 mg kg-1) and ketamine (2.2 mg kg-1). Anaesthesia was maintained with isoflurane in oxygen. Baseline readings were taken after 15 minutes of stable isoflurane anaesthesia. l-Methadone (0.25 mg kg-1) with fenpipramide (0.0125 mg kg-1) was then administered IV. Selected cardiorespiratory variables were recorded every 10 minutes and compared to baseline using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test. Adverse events were recorded. Arterial plasma samples for analysis of plasma concentrations and pharmacokinetics of l-methadone were collected throughout anaesthesia at predetermined time points. Data are shown as mean ± standard deviation or median and interquartile range (p < 0.05).

RESULTS

Plasma concentrations of l-methadone showed a rapid initial distribution phase followed by a slower elimination phase which is best described with a two-compartment model. The terminal half-life was 44.3 ± 18.0 minutes, volume of distribution 0.43 ± 0.12 L kg-1 and plasma clearance 7.77 ± 1.98 mL minute-1 kg-1. Mean arterial blood pressure increased from 85 (±16) at baseline to 100 (±26) 10 minutes after l-methadone/fenpipramide administration (p = 0.031). Heart rate remained constant. In two ponies fasciculations occurred at different time points after l-methadone administration.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE

Administration of a l-methadone/fenpipramide combination to isoflurane anaesthetized ponies led to a transient increase in blood pressure without concurrent increases in heart rate. Pharmacokinetics of l-methadone were similar to those reported for conscious horses administered racemic methadone.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute for Infectious Diseases > Laboratory for Clinical Pharmacology

UniBE Contributor:

Sandbaumhüter, Friederike Andrea; Theurillat, Regula and Thormann, Wolfgang

ISSN:

1467-2995

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Wolfgang Thormann

Date Deposited:

08 Feb 2021 16:47

Last Modified:

07 Mar 2021 01:37

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.vaa.2020.04.018

PubMed ID:

33423953

Uncontrolled Keywords:

anaesthesia balanced anaesthesia fasciculation horse isoflurane opioids

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/151675

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/151675

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