Patterns of physical activity-related health competence: stability over time and associations with subjective health indicators

Schmid, Julia; Haible, Stephanie; Sudeck, Gorden (2020). Patterns of physical activity-related health competence: stability over time and associations with subjective health indicators. German journal of exercise and sport research, 50(2), pp. 218-228. Springer 10.1007/s12662-020-00650-1

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Objective: If individuals want to integrate health-enhancing physical activity in their
everyday life, they need specific competences. This person-oriented study aimed to:
1) Identify patterns of physical activityrelated health competence, 2) examine how
structurally and individually stable these patterns are over 4 months and 3) test how
changes in patterns are associated with changes in subjective health indicators.
Materials and methods: A total of 769 individuals (82% women, Mage=27 years)
were recruited from exercise courses offered by university sport. Four facets of physical
activity-related health competence (control competence for physical training, physical
activity-specific affect regulation, selfdetermined motivation for exercise, physical
activity-specific self-control) and subjective health (subjective vitality and perceived
fitness) were measured twice. Patterns were identified using latent profile analysis. Their
stability and associations with subjective health changes were examined with latent
transition analyses and a configural frequency analysis.
Results: Seven patterns of physical activityrelated health competence were identified.
Besides three level patterns, four shape patterns were found with differing ratings
across the studied variables (e.g. average values for control competence for physical
training, self-determinedmotivation and physical activity-specific self-control, but a high level in physical activity affect regulation). These patterns proved to be
structurally stable over time. In all, 72% of the individuals stayed in the same pattern,
whereas 20% moved to a more and 8% to a less competent pattern. Changes in patterns
are linked to change in subjective vitality and perceived fitness.
Conclusion: The results presented here demonstrate the added value of using
a person-oriented approach to investigate development of physical activity-related
health competence. Furthermore, they generate knowledge for designing tailored interventions.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Sport Psychology and Research Methods

UniBE Contributor:

Schmid, Julia Maria


700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








Edith Desideria Imthurn

Date Deposited:

02 Feb 2021 10:20

Last Modified:

02 Mar 2023 23:34

Publisher DOI:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Health literacy, Physical literacy, Competence, Physical activity promotion, Personoriented approach




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