School-Based Exercise Intervention Improves Blood Pressure and Parameters of Arterial Stiffness in Children: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Ketelhut, Sascha; Ketelhut, Sebastian R.; Ketelhut, Kerstin (2020). School-Based Exercise Intervention Improves Blood Pressure and Parameters of Arterial Stiffness in Children: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Pediatric exercise science, 33(1), pp. 1-7. Human Kinetics 10.1123/pes.2020-0053

[img] Text
PES-2020-0053_online.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (195kB) | Request a copy

Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of a school-based exercise intervention on endurance performance (EP), blood pressure (BP), and arterial stiffness in children. Methods: A total of 105 students (mean age = 8.2 [0.6] y; 51% girls; body mass index = 17.8 [3.0] kg/m2) were randomized to the intervention group (IG, n = 51) and control group (CG, n = 54). During a 37-week experimental period, the IG received an exercise intervention (2 × 45 min/wk) in addition to their regular school physical education class (3 × 45 min/wk). EP, peripheral and central BP, pulse pressure, augmentation pressure, augmentation index, and aortic pulse wave velocity were assessed. Results: Following the intervention, significant changes (P < .05) in EP, peripheral and central systolic BP, pulse pressure, augmentation pressure, augmentation index, and aortic pulse wave velocity were found in the IG. Children in the CG displayed significant changes in peripheral and central diastolic BP. An analysis of the baseline-to-post changes revealed significant between-group differences in EP (P < .001), pulse pressure (P = .028), augmentation pressure (P = .007), and aortic pulse wave velocity (P = .037) that favored the IG and in peripheral and central diastolic BP that favored the CG. Conclusion: The school-based exercise intervention had beneficial effects not only on EP but also on different hemodynamic parameters.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Health Science

UniBE Contributor:

Ketelhut, Sascha Ingemar

Subjects:

700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment

ISSN:

0899-8493

Publisher:

Human Kinetics

Language:

English

Submitter:

Edith Desideria Imthurn

Date Deposited:

08 Feb 2021 16:11

Last Modified:

13 May 2021 01:33

Publisher DOI:

10.1123/pes.2020-0053

PubMed ID:

32937598

Uncontrolled Keywords:

physical activity intervention; hemodynamic measures; aerobic fitness

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/151961

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/151961

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback