Dependence of the apparent bicarbonate space on initial plasma bicarbonate concentration and carbon dioxide tension in neonatal calves with diarrhea, acidemia, and metabolic acidosis.

Trefz, Florian M.; Lorenz, Ingrid; Constable, Peter D. (2021). Dependence of the apparent bicarbonate space on initial plasma bicarbonate concentration and carbon dioxide tension in neonatal calves with diarrhea, acidemia, and metabolic acidosis. Journal of veterinary internal medicine, 35(1), pp. 644-654. Wiley-Blackwell 10.1111/jvim.16031

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BACKGROUND

Marked strong ion (metabolic) acidosis in neonatal diarrheic calves usually is corrected by IV administration of NaHCO3 . The distribution space for IV-administered bicarbonate, called the apparent bicarbonate space (ABS), appears to depend on initial plasma bicarbonate concentration (cHCO3 ) and varies considerably in calves.

OBJECTIVE

To determine whether ABS was associated with initial plasma cHCO3 and other acid-base variables.

ANIMALS

Twenty-five neonatal diarrheic calves with acidemia and metabolic acidosis.

METHODS

Prospective observational study using a convenience sample. Calves received NaHCO3 (10 mmol/kg) and glucose (1.4 mmol/kg) IV in a crystalloid solution at 25 mL/kg over 60 minutes. The ABS (L/kg) was calculated at 4 time points over 2 hours after the end of the infusion. The relationship between ABS and initial acid-base variables was characterized using nonlinear, linear, and stepwise regression.

RESULTS

The median value for ABS calculated from the initial plasma cHCO3 increased from 0.53 L/kg (range, 0.40-0.79) at the end of IV infusion to 0.96 L/kg (range, 0.54-1.23) 120 minutes later. Data obtained at the end of infusion provided the best fit to initial plasma cHCO3 and jugular venous blood Pco2 , such that: ABS = 0.41 + 1.06/cHCO3 and ABS = 0.87-0.0082 × Pco2 .

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE

The observed median value for ABS of 0.53 L/kg in our study was similar to the empirically used value of 0.6. However, ABS values varied widely and were increased in calves with severe metabolic acidosis. We therefore recommend calculating ABS using the initial plasma cHCO3 or venous blood Pco2 , if respective measurements are available.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > Clinic for Ruminants

UniBE Contributor:

Trefz, Florian Markus

Subjects:

500 Science > 590 Animals (Zoology)
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

0891-6640

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Nathalie Viviane Zollinger

Date Deposited:

12 Feb 2021 17:16

Last Modified:

12 Feb 2021 17:23

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/jvim.16031

PubMed ID:

33452736

Uncontrolled Keywords:

acidemia calves d-lactate sodium bicarbonate

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/151973

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/151973

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