Choosing an activity that suits: development and validation of a questionnaire on motivational competence in exercise and sport

Schorno, Nina; Sudeck, Gorden; Gut, Vanessa; Conzelmann, Achim; Schmid, Julia (2021). Choosing an activity that suits: development and validation of a questionnaire on motivational competence in exercise and sport. German journal of exercise and sport research, 51(1), pp. 71-78. Springer 10.1007/s12662-020-00698-z

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The current study presents the developmentand validation of a questionnaire onmotivational competence in exerciseand sport. Motivational competencecharacterises the self-determined abilityto choose a suitable exercise and sportactivity. Knowing one’s own preferencesand what to expect in different activitieshelps people to make this choice, which,in turn, supports them in maintainingtheir physical activity (PA) on a long-termand regular basis. The developed itemscover the following three components ofmotivational competence:1) knowing one’sown preferences, 2) knowing what to expectin different exercise and sport activities, and3) choosing and arranging an exercise andsport activity. Psychometric properties werechecked using a sample withN= 667 adults(Mage= 42.49,SD= 14.71, 62% female). Thefinal one-dimensional scale consists of fouritems. Construct validity showed positiverelationships to intrinsic and identifiedmotivation modes of self-concordance andconversely no relationship to introjectedand low negative to extrinsic motivation.For criterion validity, the structural equationmodeling demonstrated that motivationalcompetenceand PA-specific self-control areindependently and positively associatedwith exercise and sport behaviour.Overall, the newly developed scale isa psychometrically sound and economicalinstrument to be used in exercise and sportpromotion (e.g. counselling) and research.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Sport Psychology and Research Methods

UniBE Contributor:

Schorno, Nina; Gut, Vanessa; Conzelmann, Achim and Schmid, Julia

Subjects:

700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment

ISSN:

2509-3142

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Edith Desideria Imthurn

Date Deposited:

05 Feb 2021 17:06

Last Modified:

17 Mar 2021 06:05

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s12662-020-00698-z

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Scale development · Competence ·Motivation · Exploratory structural equationmodeling · Physical activity

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/151978

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/151978

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