Exploring the common ground of landscape ecology and landscape archaeology through a case study from eastern Anatolia, Turkey

Arıkan, Bülent; Mohr, Franziska; Bürgi, Matthias (2020). Exploring the common ground of landscape ecology and landscape archaeology through a case study from eastern Anatolia, Turkey. Landscape ecology Springer Netherlands 10.1007/s10980-020-01128-z

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Context
Landscape archaeology has a lot to offer to landscape ecology, being an interdisciplinary approach that emphasizes the study of long-term human–environment dynamics.

Objectives
We outline different conceptualizations of landscape in landscape archaeology and illustrate the potential of the approach for collaborating with landscape ecologists by describing a case study from the multi-period site of Arslantepe, located in the Malatya province of eastern Anatolia, Turkey.

Methods
We use an agent-based modeling platform to understand the socio-economic transformations at Arslantepe during the Early Bronze Age-I.

Results
These simulations revealed long-term dynamics of grassland and woodland under different climate and population scenarios. It was found that both grassland and woodland responded most strongly to changes in population, with woodlands being more sensitive. Further, it becomes evident that the adapted site-tethered pastoralism could have brought more sustainable land use practices.

Conclusions
The example shows the tremendous potential landscape archaeology has for studying long-term sustainability issues, especially related to modes of production. The landscape archaeological perspective can be linked with expertise provided by landscape ecologists, and we propose more in-depth collaboration of these two fields that offer diverse yet complementary perspectives.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Geographies of Sustainability > Unit Land Systems and Sustainable Land Management (LS-SLM)

UniBE Contributor:

Bürgi, Matthias

Subjects:

900 History > 910 Geography & travel

ISSN:

0921-2973

Publisher:

Springer Netherlands

Language:

English

Submitter:

Roman Marc Aschinger

Date Deposited:

25 Feb 2021 15:56

Last Modified:

25 Feb 2021 15:56

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s10980-020-01128-z

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/152521

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/152521

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