Planetesimal formation at the gas pressure bump following a migrating planet

Shibaike, Y.; Alibert, Y. (2020). Planetesimal formation at the gas pressure bump following a migrating planet. Astronomy and astrophysics, 644, A81. EDP Sciences 10.1051/0004-6361/202039086

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To avoid known difficulties in planetesimal formation such as the drift or fragmentation barriers, many scenarios have been proposed. However, in these scenarios, planetesimals form in general only at some specific locations in protoplanetary discs. On the other hand, it is generally assumed in planet formation models and population synthesis models, that planetesimals are broadly distributed in the protoplanetary disc. Here we propose a new scenario in which planetesimals can form in broad areas of the discs. Planetesimals form at the gas pressure bump formed by a first-generation planet (e.g. formed by pebble accretion) and the formation region spreads inward in the disc as the planet migrates. We use a simple 1D Lagrangian particle model to calculate the radial distribution of pebbles in the gas disc perturbed by a migrating embedded planet. We consider that planetesimals form by streaming instability at the points where the pebble-to-gas density ratio on the mid-plane becomes larger than unity. We also study the effect of some key parameters like the ones of the gas disc model, the pebble mass flux, the migration speed of the planet, and the strength of turbulence. We find that planetesimals form in wide areas of the discs provided the flux of pebbles is typical and the turbulence is not too strong. The planetesimal surface density depends on the pebble mass flux and the migration speed of the planet. The total mass of the planetesimals and the orbital position of the formation area depend strongly on the pebble mass flux. We also find that the profile of the planetesimal surface density and its slope can be estimated by very simple equations. We show that our new scenario can explain the formation of planetesimals in broad areas. The simple estimates we provide for the planetesimal surface density profile can be used as initial conditions for population synthesis models.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Space Research and Planetary Sciences > Theoretical Astrophysics and Planetary Science (TAPS)
08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Space Research and Planetary Sciences
08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > NCCR PlanetS

UniBE Contributor:

Shibaike, Yuhito and Alibert, Yann

Subjects:

500 Science > 530 Physics
500 Science > 520 Astronomy
600 Technology > 620 Engineering
500 Science

ISSN:

0004-6361

Publisher:

EDP Sciences

Language:

English

Submitter:

Janine Jungo

Date Deposited:

25 Feb 2021 09:43

Last Modified:

28 Feb 2021 02:57

Publisher DOI:

10.1051/0004-6361/202039086

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/152620

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/152620

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