Access-Site Crossover in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome Undergoing Invasive Management.

Gragnano, Felice; Branca, Mattia; Frigoli, Enrico; Leonardi, Sergio; Vranckx, Pascal; Di Maio, Dario; Monda, Emanuele; Fimiani, Luigi; Fioretti, Vincenzo; Chianese, Salvatore; Esposito, Fabrizio; Franzese, Michele; Scalise, Martina; D'Angelo, Claudio; Scalise, Renato; De Blasi, Gabriele; Andò, Giuseppe; Esposito, Giovanni; Calabrò, Paolo; Windecker, Stephan; ... (2021). Access-Site Crossover in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome Undergoing Invasive Management. JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions, 14(4), pp. 361-373. Elsevier 10.1016/j.jcin.2020.11.042

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OBJECTIVES

The aim of this study was to assess the impact of access-site crossover in patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing invasive management via radial or femoral access.

BACKGROUND

There are limited data on the clinical implications of access-site crossover.

METHODS

In the MATRIX (Minimizing Adverse Haemorrhagic Events by Transradial Access Site and Systemic Implementation of Angiox)-Access trial, 8,404 patients with acute coronary syndrome were randomized to radial or femoral access. Patients undergoing access-site crossover or successful access site were investigated. Thirty-day coprimary outcomes were a composite of death, myocardial infarction, or stroke (major adverse cardiovascular events [MACE]) and a composite of MACE or Bleeding Academic Research Consortium type 3 or 5 bleeding (net adverse clinical events [NACE]).

RESULTS

Access-site crossover occurred in 183 of 4,197 patients (4.4%) in the radial group (mainly to femoral access) and 108 of 4,207 patients (2.6%) in the femoral group (mainly to radial access). In multivariate analysis, the risk for coprimary outcomes was not significantly higher with radial crossover compared with successful radial (MACE: adjusted rate ratio [adjRR]: 1.25; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.81 to 1.93; p = 0.32; NACE: adjRR: 1.40; 95% CI: 0.94 to 2.06; p = 0.094) or successful femoral access (MACE: adjRR: 1.17; 95% CI: 0.76 to 1.81; p = 0.47; NACE: adjRR: 1.26; 95% CI: 0.86 to 1.86; p = 0.24). Access site-related Bleeding Academic Research Consortium type 3 or 5 bleeding was higher with radial crossover than successful radial access. Femoral crossover remained associated with higher risks for MACE (adjRR: 1.84; 95% CI: 1.18 to 2.87; p = 0.007) and NACE (adjRR: 1.69; 95% CI: 1.09 to 2.62; p = 0.019) compared with successful femoral access. Results remained consistent after excluding patients with randomized access not attempted.

CONCLUSIONS

Crossover from radial to femoral access abolishes the bleeding benefit offered by the radial over femoral artery but does not appear to increase the risk for MACE or NACE compared with successful radial or femoral access. (Minimizing Adverse Haemorrhagic Events by Transradial Access Site and Systemic Implementation of Angiox [MATRIX]; NCT01433627).

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > CTU Bern

UniBE Contributor:

Branca, Mattia; Frigoli, Enrico; Windecker, Stephan and Valgimigli, Marco

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1876-7605

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Andrea Flükiger-Flückiger

Date Deposited:

15 Mar 2021 10:49

Last Modified:

06 Apr 2021 22:03

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.jcin.2020.11.042

PubMed ID:

33602431

Uncontrolled Keywords:

acute coronary syndrome crossover femoral access percutaneous coronary intervention radial access

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/152783

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/152783

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