Performance of open-path GasFinder3 devices for CH4 concentration measurements close to ambient levels

Häni, Christoph; Bühler, Marcel; Neftel, Albrecht; Ammann, Christof; Kupper, Thomas (2021). Performance of open-path GasFinder3 devices for CH4 concentration measurements close to ambient levels. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 14(2), pp. 1733-1741. Copernicus Publications 10.5194/amt-14-1733-2021

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Open-path measurements of methane (CH4) with the use of GasFinder systems (Boreal Laser Inc, Edmonton Canada) have been frequently used for emission estimation with the inverse dispersion method (IDM), particularly from agricultural sources. It is common to many IDM applications that the concentration enhancement related to CH4 sources is small, typically between 0.05 and 0.5 ppm, and accurate measurements of CH4 concentrations are needed at concentrations close to ambient levels. The GasFinder3-OP (GF3) device for open-path CH4 measurements is the latest version of the commercial GasFinder systems by Boreal Laser Inc. We investigated the uncertainty of six GF3 devices from side-by-side intercomparison measurements and comparisons to a closed-path quantum cascade laser device. The comparisons were made at near-ambient levels of CH4 (85 % of measurements below 2.5 ppm) with occasional phases of elevated concentrations (max. 8.3 ppm). Relative biases as high as 8.3 % were found, and a precision for half-hourly data between 2.1 and 10.6 ppm-m (half width of the 95 % confidence interval) was estimated. These results deviate from the respective manufacturer specifications of 2 % and 0.5 ppm-m. Intercalibration of the GF3 devices by linear regression to remove measurement bias was shown to be of limited value due to drifts and step changes in the recorded GF3 concentrations.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Physical Geography > Unit Climatology
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography

Graduate School:

Graduate School of Climate Sciences

UniBE Contributor:

Bühler, Marcel


900 History > 910 Geography & travel




Copernicus Publications


[UNSPECIFIED] Swiss Federal Office for the Environment




André Hürzeler

Date Deposited:

30 Mar 2021 09:56

Last Modified:

30 Mar 2021 09:56

Publisher DOI:





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