Glacial Iron Sources Stimulate the Southern Ocean Carbon Cycle

Laufkötter, C.; Stern, Alon A.; John, Jasmin G.; Stock, Charles A.; Dunne, John P. (2018). Glacial Iron Sources Stimulate the Southern Ocean Carbon Cycle. Geophysical Research Letters, 45(24), 13.377-13.385. American Geophysical Union 10.1029/2018GL079797

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Icebergs and glacial meltwater have been observed to significantly affect chlorophyll concentrations, primary production, and particle export locally, yet the quantitative influence of glacial iron on the carbon cycle of the Southern Ocean remains unknown. We analyze the impact of icebergs and glacial meltwater on the Southern Ocean carbon cycle in a global Earth System Model. We consider several simulations spanning low and high bounds of current estimates of glacial iron concentration. We find that a high glacial iron input produces the best agreement with observed iron and chlorophyll distributions. These high glacial iron input results indicate that about 30% of the Southern Ocean particle export production, that is, the flux of particulate organic matter through the 100 m depth level, is driven by glacial iron sources. This export production is associated with an uptake of 0.14 Pg carbon per year, which reduces carbon outgassing in the Southern Ocean by 30%.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Climate and Environmental Physics

UniBE Contributor:

Laufkötter, Charlotte

Subjects:

500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology

ISSN:

0094-8276

Publisher:

American Geophysical Union

Language:

English

Submitter:

Charlotte Laufkötter

Date Deposited:

01 Apr 2021 11:55

Last Modified:

01 Apr 2021 11:55

Publisher DOI:

10.1029/2018GL079797

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.153153

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/153153

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