Temperature and oxygen dependence of the remineralization of organic matter

Laufkötter, C.; John, Jasmin G.; Stock, Charles A.; Dunne, John P. (2017). Temperature and oxygen dependence of the remineralization of organic matter. Global biogeochemical cycles, 31(7), pp. 1038-1050. American Geophysical Union 10.1002/2017GB005643

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Accurate representation of the remineralization of sinking organic matter is crucial for reliable projections of the marine carbon cycle. Both water temperature and oxygen concentration are thought to influence remineralization rates, but limited data constraints have caused disagreement concerning the degree of these influences. We analyze a compilation of particulate organic carbon (POC) flux measurements from 19 globally distributed sites. Our results indicate that the attenuation of the flux of particulate organic matter depends on temperature with a Q10 between 1.5 and 2.01, and on oxygen described by a half-saturation constant between 4 and 12 μmol/L. We assess the impact of the temperature and oxygen dependence in the biogeochemistry model Carbon, Ocean Biogeochemistry, and Lower Trophics, coupled to Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory’s Earth System Model ESM2M. The new remineralization parameterization results in shallower remineralization in the low latitudes but deeper remineralization in the high latitudes, redistributing POC flux toward the poles. It also decreases the volume of the oxygen minimum zones, partly addressing a long-standing bias in global climate models. Extrapolating temperature-dependent remineralization rates to the surface (i.e., beyond the depth range of POC flux data) resulted in rapid recycling and excessive surface nutrients. Surface nutrients could be ameliorated by reducing near-surface rates in a manner consistent with bacterial colonization, suggesting the need for improved remineralization constraints within the euphotic zone. The temperature and oxygen dependence cause an additional 10% decrease in global POC flux at 500 m depth, but no significant change in global POC flux at 2000 m under the RCP8.5 future projection.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Climate and Environmental Physics

UniBE Contributor:

Laufkötter, Charlotte

Subjects:

500 Science > 530 Physics

ISSN:

0886-6236

Publisher:

American Geophysical Union

Language:

English

Submitter:

Charlotte Laufkötter

Date Deposited:

15 Apr 2021 17:13

Last Modified:

15 Apr 2021 17:13

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/2017GB005643

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.153163

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/153163

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