Modelling the impact of climate change on hydrological processes in the Volta river basin

Dembélé, Moctar; Zwart, Sander; Ceperley, Natalie; Mariéthoz, Grégoire; Schaefli, Bettina (20 November 2020). Modelling the impact of climate change on hydrological processes in the Volta river basin (Unpublished). In: 18th Swiss Geoscience Meeting. On-Line.

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This study evaluates the impacts of climate change on water resources of the Volta River basin located in West Africa. In total, 43 combinations of global climate models (GCM) and five regional climate models (RCM) from CORDEX- Africa are considered under three representative concentration pathways (RCP2.6, RCP4.5 and RCP8.5). The R2D2 multivariate bias correction method is applied to the climate datasets before using them as input to the fully distributed Hydrologic Model (mHM) for hydrological projections over the twenty-first century. The mHM model is constrained with a novel multivariate calibration approach based on the spatial patterns of satellite remote sensing data (Dembélé et al., 2020).
Results reveal contrasting changes in the seasonality of precipitation depending on the RCPs and the future projection periods (2021-2050, 2051-2080 and 2071-2100) as compared to the historical period (1991-2020), while a clear increase in the seasonality of temperature is expected. A clear intensification of the hydrological cycle during the twenty-first century is expected only under the RCP8.5 scenario. In this case, an increase is foreseen for the long-term annual estimates of precipitation (+6.2%), average temperature (+9.5%) and potential evaporation (+5.0%). These changes in climatic variables will lead to changes in actual evaporation (+4.2%), surface runoff (+42%), streamflow (+84%), groundwater recharge (+37%), soil moisture (+2.3%) and terrestrial water storage (+3.2%). Consequently, recurrent floods and droughts could weaken the water-energy-food security nexus and amplify the vulnerability of the local population to climate change. These findings could serve as a guideline for decision makers, and contribute to the elaboration of adaptation and mitigation strategies to cope with dramatic consequences of climate change on various sectors including agriculture and hydroelectricity, and strengthen the regional socio-economic development.
REFERENCES
Dembélé, M., M. Hrachowitz, H. H. G. Savenije, G. Mariéthoz, and B. Schaefli
(2020b), Improving the Predictive Skill of a Distributed Hydrological Model by Calibration on Spatial Patterns With Multiple Satellite Data Sets, Water Resources Research, 56(1), https://doi.org/10.1029/2019wr026085.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Physical Geography > Unit Hydrology
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography

UniBE Contributor:

Ceperley, Natalie Claire and Schaefli, Bettina

Subjects:

500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Natalie Claire Ceperley

Date Deposited:

28 Apr 2021 09:10

Last Modified:

28 Apr 2021 10:17

Related URLs:

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/153212

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/153212

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