Diversity and Global Distribution of Viruses of the Western Honey Bee, Apis mellifera

Beaurepaire, Alexis; Piot, Niels; Doublet, Vincent; Antunez, Karina; Campbell, Ewan; Chantawannakul, Panuwan; Chejanovsky, Nor; Gajda, Anna; Heerman, Matthew; Panziera, Delphine; Smagghe, Guy; Yañez, Orlando; de Miranda, Joachim R.; Dalmon, Anne (2020). Diversity and Global Distribution of Viruses of the Western Honey Bee, Apis mellifera. Insects, 11(4), p. 239. MDPI 10.3390/insects11040239

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In the past centuries, viruses have benefited from globalization to spread across the globe, infecting new host species and populations. A growing number of viruses have been documented in the western honey bee, Apis mellifera. Several of these contribute significantly to honey bee colony losses. This review synthetizes the knowledge of the diversity and distribution of honey-bee-infecting viruses, including recent data from high-throughput sequencing (HTS). After presenting the diversity of viruses and their corresponding symptoms, we surveyed the scientific literature for the prevalence of these pathogens across the globe. The geographical distribution shows that the most prevalent viruses (deformed wing virus, sacbrood virus, black queen cell virus and acute paralysis complex) are also the most widely distributed. We discuss the ecological drivers that influence the distribution of these pathogens in worldwide honey bee populations. Besides the natural transmission routes and the resulting temporal dynamics, global trade contributes to their dissemination. As recent evidence shows that these viruses are often multihost pathogens, their spread is a risk for both the beekeeping industry and the pollination services provided by managed and wild pollinators.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Institute of Bee Health

UniBE Contributor:

Beaurepaire, Alexis and Yañez, Orlando

Subjects:

500 Science > 590 Animals (Zoology)
600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

2075-4450

Publisher:

MDPI

Language:

English

Submitter:

Anna Papach

Date Deposited:

24 Mar 2021 11:53

Last Modified:

28 Mar 2021 03:58

Publisher DOI:

10.3390/insects11040239

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/153481

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/153481

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