Nature and People in the Andes, East African Mountains, European Alps, and Hindu Kush Himalaya: Current Research and Future Directions

Payne, Davnah; Snethlage, Mark Alexander; Geschke, Jonas; Spehn, Eva M.; Fischer, Markus (2020). Nature and People in the Andes, East African Mountains, European Alps, and Hindu Kush Himalaya: Current Research and Future Directions. Mountain Research and Development, 40(2), A1-A14. International Mountain Society 10.1659/MRD-JOURNAL-D-19-00075.1

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Mountains are facing growing environmental, social, and economic challenges. Accordingly, effective policies and management approaches are needed to safeguard their inhabitants, their ecosystems, their biodiversity, and the livelihoods they support. The formulation and implementation of such policies and approaches requires a thorough understanding of, and extensive knowledge about, the interactions between nature and people particular to mountain social–ecological systems. Here, we applied the conceptual framework of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services to assess and compare the contents of 631 abstracts on the interactions among biodiversity, ecosystem services, human wellbeing, and drivers of change, and formulate a set of research recommendations. Our comparative assessment of literature pertained to the Andes, the East African mountains, the European Alps, and the Hindu Kush Himalaya. It revealed interesting differences between mountain systems, in particular in the relative importance given in the literature to individual drivers of change and to the ecosystem services delivered along elevational gradients. Based on our analysis and with reference to alternative conceptual frameworks of mountain social–ecological systems, we propose future research directions and options. In particular, we recommend improving biodiversity information, generating spatially explicit knowledge on ecosystem services, integrating knowledge and action along elevational gradients, generating knowledge on interacting effects of global change drivers, delivering knowledge that is relevant for transformative action toward sustainable mountain development, and using comprehensive concepts and codesigned approaches to effectively address knowledge gaps.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Plant Ecology
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Urbach, Davnah Ruth; Snethlage, Mark Alexander; Geschke, Jonas; Spehn, Eva Maria and Fischer, Markus

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

0276-4741

Publisher:

International Mountain Society

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

25 Mar 2021 14:50

Last Modified:

25 Mar 2021 14:50

Publisher DOI:

10.1659/MRD-JOURNAL-D-19-00075.1

Uncontrolled Keywords:

mountain biodiversity; mountain social–ecological systems; IPBES framework; literature assessment; global change

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.153487

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/153487

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