History as a Means of Conflict and Conflict Resolution in the North Caucasus/Chechnya

Druey, Cécile (2020). History as a Means of Conflict and Conflict Resolution in the North Caucasus/Chechnya. Euxeinos - Culture and Governance in the Black Sea Region, 10(29), pp. 94-114. Universität St. Gallen

Druey_2020_Euxeinos.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works (CC-BY-NC-ND).

Download (4MB) | Preview

Starting from the example of the post-Soviet space, this article is interested in
how conflicts are caused by – or result in – tensions between groups promoting
different types and versions of historical memory. In the neo-authoritarian,
(post-) conflict setting of Chechnya, Jan Assman’s concept of cultural and
communicative memory offers an interesting entry point to analyse the different
types and levels of conflict, between the Chechens and Moscow, and within
society in Chechnya proper. With the disintegration of the Soviet Union and
the nationalisation of historiography in the 1990s, the new elites of Chechnya
formulated local alternatives to the dominant Russian (and Soviet) narrative
of the past. During the second war in Chechnya in the early 2000s, and with
the strengthening of authoritarianism under the Kadyrov regime, the formerly
open conflict with Moscow was again pushed underground. Ramzan Kadyrov’s
instrumentalisation of history as a means to legitimise his cult of the Kadyrov
family and the political choice for Moscow, that is, for Vladimir Putin, plays an
important role in fuelling these grievances. Civil society, and expecially young
people are an important actor in this conflict between official (or cultural) and
popular (or communicative) forms of historical memory – a new conflict that is

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


06 Faculty of Humanities > Department of History and Archaeology > Institute of History > Modern and Contemporary History > Zeitgeschichte

UniBE Contributor:

Druey Schwab, Cécile Elisabeth




Universität St. Gallen




Cécile Elisabeth Druey Schwab

Date Deposited:

31 Mar 2021 07:31

Last Modified:

05 Apr 2021 02:55





Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback