The SUB-KEV atom reflecting analyzer (SARA) experiment aboard Chandrayaan-1 Mission: instrument and observations

Bhardwaj, Anil; Dhanya, M. B.; Sridharan, R.; Wieser, Martin; Barabash, Stats; Yoshifumi, Futaana; Holmström, Mats; Wurz, Peter; Vorburger, Audrey; Kazushi, Asamura (2010). The SUB-KEV atom reflecting analyzer (SARA) experiment aboard Chandrayaan-1 Mission: instrument and observations. In: Bhardwaj, Anil (ed.) Advances in Geosciences (pp. 151-161). World Scientific Publishing 10.1142/9789812838162_0012

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SARA experiment aboard the first Indian lunar mission Chandrayaan-1 had the objective to explore the solar wind–lunar interaction using energetic neutral atoms (ENA) from the lunar surface as diagnostic tool. SARA consisted of an ENA imaging mass analyzer CENA (Chandrayaan-1 Energetic Neutral Analyzer) and an ion mass analyser SWIM (Solar Wind Monitor), along with a digital processing unit (DPU) which commands and controls the sensors and provides the interface to the spacecraft. Both sensors have provided excellent observational data. CENA has observed ENAs from the lunar surface and found that ~20% of the incident solar wind ions get backscattered as ENAs from the lunar surface. This is contrary to the previous assumptions of almost complete absorption of solar wind by the lunar surface. The observation is relevant for other airless bodies in the solar system.

Item Type:

Book Section (Book Chapter)


08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Space Research and Planetary Sciences
08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute

UniBE Contributor:

Wurz, Peter and Vorburger, Audrey Helena


500 Science > 520 Astronomy
600 Technology > 620 Engineering


World Scientific Publishing




Dora Ursula Zimmerer

Date Deposited:

10 Jun 2021 09:25

Last Modified:

10 Jun 2021 09:25

Publisher DOI:


Additional Information:

Advances in Geosciences ; Volume 19: Planetary Science (PS)




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