Pasteurellaceae

Christensen, Henrik; Kuhnert, Peter; Busse, Hans-Jürgen; Blackall, Pat; Bisgaard, Magne; Nørskov-Lauritsen, Niels (2020). Pasteurellaceae. In: Whitman, William B.; Kämpfer, Peter (eds.) Bergey's Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (pp. 1-26). Chichester, UK: John Wiley 10.1002/9781118960608.fbm00230.pub2

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Members of the family Pasteurellaceae are Gramnegative and nonmotile. They are negative for growth on Simmon’s citrate agar, and negative tests are observed with mucate acid, malonate base, and growth in KCN. Nitrate is reduced without gas formation, and they are positive in alanine aminopeptidase. (+)-D-Glucose is metabolized or fermented in the Hugh and Leifson test with the exception of Nicoletella. Members of Pasteurellaceae are negative in arginine dihydrolase and phenylalanine deaminase tests, and tests for hydrolysis of gelatin, Tween, and α-mannosidase are also negative, and they do not produce acid from meso-erythritol, adonitol, (−)-L-xylose, (+)-D-fucose, (−)-L-sorbose, (+)-D-melezitose, (+)-D-turanose, andβ-N-CH3-glucosamine. The family forms a monophyletic group based on 16S rRNA gene and conserved protein sequence comparisons. The genera Aggregatibacter, Avibacterium, Basfia, Bibersteinia, Bisgaardia, Caviibacterium, Chelonobacter, Conservatibacter, Cricetibacter, Frederiksenia, Gallibacterium, Glaesserella, Histophilus, Lonepinella, Mannheimia, Mesocricetibacter, Muribacter, Necropsobacter, Nicoletella, Otariodibacter, Phocoenobacter, Rodentibacter, Seminibacterium, Testudinibacter, Ursidibacter, Vespertiliibacter, and Volucribacter can be regarded as monophyletic or monotypic, whereas some species of the genera Actinobacillus, Haemophilus, and Pasteurella are still polyphyletic with their type species. The major polar lipid profile consists of phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol. The dominant fatty acids are C14:0, C16:0, C16:1 ω7c, and C14:0 3-OH/C16:1 ISO-I. Demethylmenaquinones, menaquinones, and ubiquinones with chain lengths of seven or/and eight may be produced. Members of the family have been found with the polyamines putrescine, diaminopropane, cadaverine, spermidine, tyramine, spermine, sym-norspermidine, and symhomospermidine. Members of Pasteurellaceae are associated with animals and human beings as commensals, opportunistic pathogens, or as primary pathogens. Some have clinical importance, and the distribution seems global. The energy metabolism is chemoheterotrophic, and they are facultative anaerobic, microaerophilic, or aerobic.
Type genus: Pasteurella Trevisan 1887AL (nom. cons. Opinion 13 1954) emend. Mutters et al. 1985bVP. DNA G+C content (mol%): 36–49.

Item Type:

Book Section (Book Chapter)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Institute of Veterinary Bacteriology

UniBE Contributor:

Kuhnert, Peter

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

Publisher:

John Wiley

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Kuhnert-Ryser

Date Deposited:

07 Apr 2021 15:25

Last Modified:

07 Apr 2021 15:25

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/9781118960608.fbm00230.pub2

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/154405

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/154405

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