Quantification of thermal dose in moderate clinical hyperthermia with radiotherapy: a relook using temperature-time area under the curve (AUC).

Datta, Niloy R; Marder, Dietmar; Datta, Sneha; Meister, Andreas; Puric, Emsad; Stutz, Emanuel; Rogers, Susanne; Eberle, Brigitte; Timm, Olaf; Staruch, Michal; Riesterer, Oliver; Bodis, Stephan (2021). Quantification of thermal dose in moderate clinical hyperthermia with radiotherapy: a relook using temperature-time area under the curve (AUC). International journal of hyperthermia, 38(1), pp. 296-307. Taylor & Francis 10.1080/02656736.2021.1875060

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BACKGROUND

Thermal dose in clinical hyperthermia reported as cumulative equivalent minutes (CEM) at 43 °C (CEM43) and its variants are based on direct thermal cytotoxicity assuming Arrhenius 'break' at 43 °C. An alternative method centered on the actual time-temperature plot during each hyperthermia session and its prognostic feasibility is explored.

METHODS AND MATERIALS

Patients with bladder cancer treated with weekly deep hyperthermia followed by radiotherapy were evaluated. From intravesical temperature (T) recordings obtained every 10 secs, the area under the curve (AUC) was computed for each session for T > 37 °C (AUC > 37 °C) and T ≥ 39 °C (AUC ≥ 39 °C). These along with CEM43, CEM43(>37 °C), CEM43(≥39 °C), Tmean, Tmin and Tmax were evaluated for bladder tumor control.

RESULTS

Seventy-four hyperthermia sessions were delivered in 18 patients (median: 4 sessions/patient). Two patients failed in the bladder. For both individual and summated hyperthermia sessions, the Tmean, CEM43, CEM43(>37 °C), CEM43(≥39 °C), AUC > 37 °C and AUC ≥ 39 °C were significantly lower in patients who had a local relapse. Individual AUC ≥ 39 °C for patients with/without local bladder failure were 105.9 ± 58.3 °C-min and 177.9 ± 58.0 °C-min, respectively (p = 0.01). Corresponding summated AUC ≥ 39 °C were 423.7 ± 27.8 °C-min vs. 734.1 ± 194.6 °C-min (p < 0.001), respectively. The median AUC ≥ 39 °C for each hyperthermia session in patients with bladder tumor control was 190 °C-min.

CONCLUSION

AUC ≥ 39 °C for each hyperthermia session represents the cumulative time-temperature distribution at clinically defined moderate hyperthermia in the range of 39 °C to 45 °C. It is a simple, mathematically computable parameter without any prior assumptions and appears to predict treatment outcome as evident from this study. However, its predictive ability as a thermal dose parameter merits further evaluation in a larger patient cohort.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Radiation Oncology

UniBE Contributor:

Stutz, Emanuel

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1464-5157

Publisher:

Taylor & Francis

Language:

English

Submitter:

Beatrice Scheidegger

Date Deposited:

29 Apr 2021 10:38

Last Modified:

29 Apr 2021 10:47

Publisher DOI:

10.1080/02656736.2021.1875060

PubMed ID:

33627018

Uncontrolled Keywords:

AUC CEM Thermal dose area under the curve hyperthermia thermometry

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/154571

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/154571

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