Demonstrating High-precision Photometry with a CubeSat: ASTERIA Observations of 55 Cancri e

Knapp, Mary; Seager, Sara; Demory, Brice-Olivier; Krishnamurthy, Akshata; Smith, Matthew W.; Pong, Christopher M.; Bailey, Vanessa P.; Donner, Amanda; Pasquale, Peter Di; Campuzano, Brian; Smith, Colin; Luu, Jason; Babuscia, Alessandra; Bocchino, Robert L., Jr.; Loveland, Jessica; Colley, Cody; Gedenk, Tobias; Kulkarni, Tejas; Hughes, Kyle; White, Mary; ... (2020). Demonstrating High-precision Photometry with a CubeSat: ASTERIA Observations of 55 Cancri e. The astronomical journal, 160(1), p. 23. American Astronomical Society 10.3847/1538-3881/ab8bcc

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Arcsecond Space Telescope Enabling Research In Astrophysics (ASTERIA) is a 6U CubeSat space telescope (10 cm × 20 cm × 30 cm, 10 kg). ASTERIA's primary mission objective was demonstrating two key technologies for reducing systematic noise in photometric observations: high-precision pointing control and high-stability thermal control. ASTERIA demonstrated 0farcs5 rms pointing stability and ±10 mK thermal control of its camera payload during its primary mission, a significant improvement in pointing and thermal performance compared to other spacecraft in ASTERIA's size and mass class. ASTERIA launched in 2017 August and deployed from the International Space Station in 2017 November. During the prime mission (2017 November–2018 February) and the first extended mission that followed (2018 March–2018 May), ASTERIA conducted opportunistic science observations, which included the collection of photometric data on 55 Cancri, a nearby exoplanetary system with a super-Earth transiting planet. The 55 Cancri data were reduced using a custom pipeline to correct complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) detector column-dependent gain variations. A Markov Chain Monte Carlo approach was used to simultaneously detrend the photometry using a simple baseline model and fit a transit model. ASTERIA made a marginal detection of the known transiting exoplanet 55 Cancri e (~2 ${R}_{\oplus }$), measuring a transit depth of 374 ± 170 ppm. This is the first detection of an exoplanet transit by a CubeSat. The successful detection of super-Earth 55 Cancri e demonstrates that small, inexpensive spacecraft can deliver high-precision photometric measurements.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

10 Strategic Research Centers > Center for Space and Habitability (CSH)

UniBE Contributor:

Demory, Brice-Olivier

Subjects:

500 Science
500 Science > 520 Astronomy
500 Science > 530 Physics

ISSN:

0004-6256

Publisher:

American Astronomical Society

Language:

English

Submitter:

Danielle Zemp

Date Deposited:

13 Apr 2021 14:09

Last Modified:

13 Jun 2021 02:30

Publisher DOI:

10.3847/1538-3881/ab8bcc

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/154798

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/154798

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