A Review of Possible Planetary Atmospheres in the TRAPPIST-1 System

Turbet, Martin; Bolmont, Emeline; Bourrier, Vincent; Demory, Brice-Olivier; Leconte, Jérémy; Owen, James; Wolf, Eric T. (2020). A Review of Possible Planetary Atmospheres in the TRAPPIST-1 System. Space science reviews, 216(5) Springer 10.1007/s11214-020-00719-1

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TRAPPIST-1 is a fantastic nearby (~39.14 light years) planetary system made of at least seven transiting terrestrial-size, terrestrial-mass planets all receiving a moderate amount of irradiation. To date, this is the most observationally favourable system of potentially habitable planets. Since the announcement of the discovery of TRAPPIST-1 planets in 2016, a growing number of techniques and approaches have been used and proposed to reveal its true nature. Here we have compiled a state-of-the-art overview of all the observational and theoretical constraints that have been obtained so far using these techniques and approaches. The goal is to get a better understanding of whether or not TRAPPIST-1 planets can have atmospheres, and if so, what they are made of. For this, we surveyed the literature on TRAPPIST-1 about topics as broad as irradiation environment, orbital architecture, transit observations, density measurements, stellar contamination, and numerical climate and escape models. Each of these topics adds a brick to our understanding of the likely atmospheres of the seven planets. We show that (i) HST transit observations, (ii) density measurements, (iii) atmospheric escape modelling, and (iv) gas accretion modelling altogether offer solid evidence against the presence of H2-dominated atmospheres around TRAPPIST-1 planets. This means they likely have either (i) a high molecular weight atmosphere or (ii) no atmosphere at all. There are several key challenges ahead to characterize the bulk compositions of the atmospheres (if present) of TRAPPIST-1 planets. The main one so far is characterizing and correcting for the effects of stellar contamination. Fortunately, a new wave of observations with the James Webb Space Telescope and near-infrared high-resolution ground-based spectrographs on very large telescopes will bring significant advances in the coming decade.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Space Research and Planetary Sciences
08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
10 Strategic Research Centers > Center for Space and Habitability (CSH)
08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > NCCR PlanetS

UniBE Contributor:

Demory, Brice-Olivier

Subjects:

500 Science
500 Science > 520 Astronomy
500 Science > 530 Physics

ISSN:

0038-6308

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Danielle Zemp

Date Deposited:

19 Apr 2021 13:57

Last Modified:

25 Apr 2021 03:06

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s11214-020-00719-1

ArXiv ID:

2007.03334v1

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/154819

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/154819

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