Geometric facial comparisons in speed-check photographs

Buck, Ursula; Naether, Silvio; Kreutz, Kerstin; Thali, Michael (2011). Geometric facial comparisons in speed-check photographs. International journal of legal medicine, 125(6), pp. 785-90. Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag 10.1007/s00414-010-0518-5

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In many cases, it is not possible to call the motorists to account for their considerable excess in speeding, because they deny being the driver on the speed-check photograph. An anthropological comparison of facial features using a photo-to-photo comparison can be very difficult depending on the quality of the photographs. One difficulty of that analysis method is that the comparison photographs of the presumed driver are taken with a different camera or camera lens and from a different angle than for the speed-check photo. To take a comparison photograph with exactly the same camera setup is almost impossible. Therefore, only an imprecise comparison of the individual facial features is possible. The geometry and position of each facial feature, for example the distances between the eyes or the positions of the ears, etc., cannot be taken into consideration. We applied a new method using 3D laser scanning, optical surface digitalization, and photogrammetric calculation of the speed-check photo, which enables a geometric comparison. Thus, the influence of the focal length and the distortion of the objective lens are eliminated and the precise position and the viewing direction of the speed-check camera are calculated. Even in cases of low-quality images or when the face of the driver is partly hidden, good results are delivered using this method. This new method, Geometric Comparison, is evaluated and validated in a prepared study which is described in this article.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Buck, Ursula; Näther, Silvio and Thali, Michael

ISSN:

0937-9827

Publisher:

Springer-Verlag

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:10

Last Modified:

26 Jun 2018 14:54

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00414-010-0518-5

PubMed ID:

20941628

Web of Science ID:

000299091200005

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.1555

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/1555 (FactScience: 203330)

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