Fluctuations of anisotropic flow in Pb+Pb collisions at \sqrt\mathrms\mathrmNN = 5.02 TeV with the ATLAS detector

Franconi, Laura; Haug, Sigve; Weber, Michele; Anders, John Kenneth; Beck, Hans Peter; Ereditato, Antonio; Miucci, Antonio; Merlassino, Claudia; Weston, Thomas Daniel (2020). Fluctuations of anisotropic flow in Pb+Pb collisions at \sqrt\mathrms\mathrmNN = 5.02 TeV with the ATLAS detector. Journal of High Energy Physics, 2020(1) Springer 10.1007/JHEP01(2020)051

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Multi-particle azimuthal cumulants are measured as a function of centrality and transverse momentum using 470 μb−1 of Pb+Pb collisions at sNN−−−√ = 5.02 TeV with the ATLAS detector at the LHC. These cumulants provide information on the event-by-event fluctuations of harmonic flow coefficients vn and correlated fluctuations between two harmonics vn and vm. For the first time, a non-zero four-particle cumulant is observed for dipolar flow, v1. The four-particle cumulants for elliptic flow, v2, and triangular flow, v3, exhibit a strong centrality dependence and change sign in ultra-central collisions. This sign change is consistent with significant non-Gaussian fluctuations in v2 and v3. The four-particle cumulant for quadrangular flow, v4, is found to change sign in mid-central collisions. Correlations between two harmonics are studied with three- and four-particle mixed-harmonic cumulants, which indicate an anti-correlation between v2 and v3, and a positive correlation between v2 and v4. These correlations decrease in strength towards central collisions and either approach zero or change sign in ultra-central collisions. To investigate the possible flow fluctuations arising from intrinsic centrality or volume fluctuations, the results are compared between two different event classes used for centrality definitions. In peripheral and mid-central collisions where the cumulant signals are large, only small differences are observed. In ultra-central collisions, the differences are much larger and transverse momentum dependent. These results provide new information to disentangle flow fluctuations from the initial and final states, as well as new insights on the influence of centrality fluctuations.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

10 Strategic Research Centers > Albert Einstein Center for Fundamental Physics (AEC)
08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Laboratory for High Energy Physics (LHEP)

UniBE Contributor:

Franconi, Laura; Haug, Sigve; Weber, Michele; Anders, John Kenneth; Beck, Hans Peter; Ereditato, Antonio; Miucci, Antonio; Merlassino, Claudia and Weston, Thomas Daniel

Subjects:

500 Science > 530 Physics

ISSN:

1029-8479

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

BORIS Import LHEP

Date Deposited:

06 Jun 2021 21:06

Last Modified:

13 Jun 2021 03:08

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/JHEP01(2020)051

Additional Information:

Kollaboration - Es sind nur die Berner Autoren namentlich erwaehnt

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/155622

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/155622

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