A critical systematic review of the Neurotracker perceptual-cognitive training tool

Vater, Christian; Gray, Rob; Holcombe, Alex O. (2021). A critical systematic review of the Neurotracker perceptual-cognitive training tool (In Press). Psychonomic bulletin & review Springer 10.3758/s13423-021-01892-2

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In this systematic review, we evaluate the scientific evidence behind“Neurotracker,”one of the most popular perceptual-cognitive training tools in sports. The tool, which is also used in rehabilitation and aging research to examine cognitive abilities,uses a 3D multiple object-tracking (MOT) task. In this review, we examine Neurotracker from both a sport science and a basicscience perspective. We first summarize the sport science debate regarding the value of general cognitive skill training, based ontools such as Neurotracker, versus sport-specific skill training. We then consider the several hundred MOT publications incognitive and vision science from the last 30 years that have investigated cognitive functions and object tracking processes.This literature suggests that the abilities underlying object tracking are not those advertised by the Neurotracker manufacturers.With a systematic literature search, we scrutinize the evidence for whether general cognitive skills can be tested and trained withNeurotracker and whether these trained skills transfer to other domains. The literature has major limitations, for example a totalabsence of preregistered studies, which makes the evidence for improvements for working memory and sustained attention veryweak. For other skills as well, the effects are mixed. Only three studies investigated far transfer to ecologically valid tasks, two ofwhich did not find any effect. We provide recommendations for future Neurotracker research to improve the evidence base andfor making better use of sport and basic science findings

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Movement and Exercise Science

UniBE Contributor:

Vater, Christian

Subjects:

700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment

ISSN:

1069-9384

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Edith Desideria Imthurn

Date Deposited:

28 Apr 2021 08:38

Last Modified:

29 Apr 2021 01:34

Publisher DOI:

10.3758/s13423-021-01892-2

PubMed ID:

33821464

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Sport, Transfer, Vision, Attention, Intervention

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/155847

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/155847

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