Influence of Antihypertensive Treatment on RAAS Peptides in Newly Diagnosed Hypertensive Patients.

Vischer, Annina S; Kuster, Gabriela M; Twerenbold, Raphael; Pfister, Otmar; Zhou, Qian; Villiger, Andrea; Poglitsch, Marko; Krähenbühl, Stephan; Mayr, Michael; Osswald, Stefan; Haschke, Manuel; Burkard, Thilo (2021). Influence of Antihypertensive Treatment on RAAS Peptides in Newly Diagnosed Hypertensive Patients. Cells, 10(3) MDPI 10.3390/cells10030534

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(1) Background: Recently, influences of antihypertensive treatment on the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) has gained attention, regarding a possible influence on inflammatory and anti-inflammatory pathways. We aimed to study the effects of newly initiated antihypertensive drugs on angiotensin (Ang) II and Ang (1-7) as representers of two counter-regulatory axes. (2) Methods: In this randomized, open-label trial investigating RAAS peptides after the initiation of perindopril, olmesartan, amlodipine, or hydrochlorothiazide, Ang II and Ang (1-7) equilibrium concentrations were measured at 8 a.m. and 12 a.m. at baseline and after four weeks of treatment. Eighty patients were randomized (1:1:1:1 fashion). (3) Results: Between the four substances, we found significant differences regarding the concentrations of Ang II (p < 0.0005 for 8 a.m., 12 a.m.) and Ang (1-7) (p = 0.019 for 8 a.m., <0.0005 for 12 a.m.) four weeks after treatment start. Ang II was decreased by perindopril (p = 0.002), and increased by olmesartan (p < 0.0005), amlodipine (p = 0.012), and hydrochlorothiazide (p = 0.001). Ang (1-7) was increased by perindopril and olmesartan (p = 0.008/0.002), but not measurably altered by amlodipine and hydrochlorothiazide (p = 0.317/ 0.109). (4) Conclusion: The initiation of all first line antihypertensive treatments causes early and distinct alterations of equilibrium angiotensin levels. Given the additional AT1R blocking action of olmesartan, RAAS peptides shift upon initiation of perindopril and olmesartan appear to work in favor of the anti-inflammatory axis compared to amlodipine and hydrochlorothiazide.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of General Internal Medicine (DAIM) > Clinic of General Internal Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Haschke, Manuel Martin

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2073-4409

Publisher:

MDPI

Language:

English

Submitter:

Tobias Tritschler

Date Deposited:

08 Jun 2021 15:17

Last Modified:

07 Sep 2021 17:17

Publisher DOI:

10.3390/cells10030534

PubMed ID:

33802464

Uncontrolled Keywords:

angiotensin receptor antagonist angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor antihypertensive drug arterial hypertension calcium channel blocker renin–angiotensin–aldosterone system thiazide diuretic

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/155855

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/155855

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