Global Impact of COVID-19 on Stroke Care and Intravenous Thrombolysis.

Nogueira, Raul G; Qureshi, Muhammed M; Abdalkader, Mohamad; Martins, Sheila Ouriques; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Qiu, Zhongming; Mansour, Ossama Yassin; Sathya, Anvitha; Czlonkowska, Anna; Tsivgoulis, Georgios; Aguiar de Sousa, Diana; Demeestere, Jelle; Mikulik, Robert; Vanacker, Peter; Siegler, James E; Kõrv, Janika; Biller, Jose; Liang, Conrad W; Sangha, Navdeep S; Zha, Alicia M; ... (2021). Global Impact of COVID-19 on Stroke Care and Intravenous Thrombolysis. Neurology, 96(23), e2824-e2838. American Academy of Neurology 10.1212/WNL.0000000000011885

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OBJECTIVE

The objectives of this study were to measure the global impact of the pandemic on the volumes for intravenous thrombolysis (IVT), IVT transfers, and stroke hospitalizations over 4 months at the height of the pandemic (March 1 to June 30, 2020) compared with two control 4-month periods.

METHODS

We conducted a cross-sectional, observational, retrospective study across 6 continents, 70 countries, and 457 stroke centers. Diagnoses were identified by their ICD-10 codes and/or classifications in stroke databases.

RESULTS

There were 91,373 stroke admissions in the 4 months immediately before compared to 80,894 admissions during the pandemic months, representing an 11.5% (95%CI, -11.7 to - 11.3, p<0.0001) decline. There were 13,334 IVT therapies in the 4 months preceding compared to 11,570 procedures during the pandemic, representing a 13.2% (95%CI, -13.8 to -12.7, p<0.0001) drop. Interfacility IVT transfers decreased from 1,337 to 1,178, or an 11.9% decrease (95%CI, -13.7 to -10.3, p=0.001). Recovery of stroke hospitalization volume (9.5%, 95%CI 9.2-9.8, p<0.0001) was noted over the two later (May, June) versus the two earlier (March, April) pandemic months. There was a 1.48% stroke rate across 119,967 COVID-19 hospitalizations. SARS-CoV-2 infection was noted in 3.3% (1,722/52,026) of all stroke admissions.

CONCLUSIONS

The COVID-19 pandemic was associated with a global decline in the volume of stroke hospitalizations, IVT, and interfacility IVT transfers. Primary stroke centers and centers with higher COVID19 inpatient volumes experienced steeper declines. Recovery of stroke hospitalization was noted in the later pandemic months.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology

UniBE Contributor:

Fischer, Urs and Gralla, Jan

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1526-632X

Publisher:

American Academy of Neurology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Martin Zbinden

Date Deposited:

27 Apr 2021 10:23

Last Modified:

09 Jun 2021 01:33

Publisher DOI:

10.1212/WNL.0000000000011885

PubMed ID:

33766997

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/155901

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/155901

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