Trends and outcomes for non-elective neurosurgical procedures in Central Europe during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Grassner, Lukas; Petr, Ondra; Warner, Freda M; Dedeciusova, Michaela; Mathis, Andrea Maria; Pinggera, Daniel; Gsellmann, Sina; Meiners, Laura C; Freigang, Sascha; Mokry, Michael; Resch, Alexandra; Kretschmer, Thomas; Rossmann, Tobias; Navarro, Francisco Ruiz; Gruber, Andreas; Spendel, Mathias; Winkler, Peter A; Marhold, Franz; Sherif, Camillo; Wais, Jonathan P; ... (2021). Trends and outcomes for non-elective neurosurgical procedures in Central Europe during the COVID-19 pandemic. Scientific reports, 11(1), p. 6171. Springer Nature 10.1038/s41598-021-85526-6

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The world currently faces the novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 pandemic. Little is known about the effects of a pandemic on non-elective neurosurgical practices, which have continued under modified conditions to reduce the spread of COVID-19. This knowledge might be critical for the ongoing second coronavirus wave and potential restrictions on health care. We aimed to determine the incidence and 30-day mortality rate of various non-elective neurosurgical procedures during the COVID-19 pandemic. A retrospective, multi-centre observational cohort study among neurosurgical centres within Austria, the Czech Republic, and Switzerland was performed. Incidence of neurosurgical emergencies and related 30-day mortality rates were determined for a period reflecting the peak pandemic of the first wave in all participating countries (i.e. March 16th-April 15th, 2020), and compared to the same period in prior years (2017, 2018, and 2019). A total of 4,752 emergency neurosurgical cases were reviewed over a 4-year period. In 2020, during the COVID-19 pandemic, there was a general decline in the incidence of non-elective neurosurgical cases, which was driven by a reduced number of traumatic brain injuries, spine conditions, and chronic subdural hematomas. Thirty-day mortality did not significantly increase overall or for any of the conditions examined during the peak of the pandemic. The neurosurgical community in these three European countries observed a decrease in the incidence of some neurosurgical emergencies with 30-day mortality rates comparable to previous years (2017-2019). Lower incidence of neurosurgical cases is likely related to restrictions placed on mobility within countries, but may also involve delayed patient presentation.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurosurgery

UniBE Contributor:

Mathis, Andrea Maria and Raabe, Andreas

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2045-2322

Publisher:

Springer Nature

Language:

English

Submitter:

Nicole Söll

Date Deposited:

11 May 2021 11:13

Last Modified:

16 May 2021 03:04

Publisher DOI:

10.1038/s41598-021-85526-6

PubMed ID:

33731753

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/155912

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/155912

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