Caplacizumab prevents refractoriness and mortality in acquired thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura: integrated analysis.

Peyvandi, Flora; Cataland, Spero; Scully, Marie; Coppo, Paul; Knoebl, Paul; Kremer Hovinga, Johanna A.; Metjian, Ara; de la Rubia, Javier; Pavenski, Katerina; Minkue Mi Edou, Jessica; De Winter, Hilde; Callewaert, Filip (2021). Caplacizumab prevents refractoriness and mortality in acquired thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura: integrated analysis. Blood advances, 5(8), pp. 2137-2141. American Society of Hematology 10.1182/bloodadvances.2020001834

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The efficacy and safety of caplacizumab in individuals with acquired thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (aTTP) have been established in the phase 2 TITAN and phase 3 HERCULES trials. Integrated analysis of data from both trials was conducted to increase statistical power for assessing treatment differences in efficacy and safety outcomes. Caplacizumab was associated with a significant reduction in the number of deaths (0 vs 4; P < .05) and a significantly lower incidence of refractory TTP (0 vs 8; P < .05) vs placebo during the treatment period. Consistent with the individual trials, treatment with caplacizumab resulted in a faster time to platelet count response (hazard ratio, 1.65; P < .001), a 72.6% reduction in the proportion of patients with the composite end point of TTP-related death, TTP exacerbation, or occurrence of at least 1 treatment-emergent major thromboembolic event during the treatment period (13.0% vs 47.3%; P < .001), and a 33.3% reduction in the median number of therapeutic plasma exchange days (5.0 vs 7.5 days) vs placebo. No new safety signals were identified; mild mucocutaneous bleeding was the main safety finding. This integrated analysis provided new evidence that caplacizumab prevents mortality and refractory disease in acquired TTP and strengthened individual trial findings, with a confirmed favorable safety and tolerability profile. These trials were registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT01151423 and #NCT02553317.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Haematology and Central Haematological Laboratory

UniBE Contributor:

Kremer Hovinga, Johanna Anna

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2473-9529

Publisher:

American Society of Hematology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Pierrette Durand Lüthi

Date Deposited:

27 Apr 2021 15:44

Last Modified:

27 Apr 2021 15:44

Publisher DOI:

10.1182/bloodadvances.2020001834

PubMed ID:

33881463

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/156090

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/156090

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