Age-Related Outcomes After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement: Insights From the SwissTAVI Registry.

Attinger-Toller, Adrian; Ferrari, Enrico; Tueller, David; Templin, Christian; Muller, Olivier; Nietlispach, Fabian; Toggweiler, Stefan; Noble, Stéphane; Roffi, Marco; Jeger, Raban; Huber, Christoph; Carrel, Thierry; Pilgrim, Thomas; Wenaweser, Peter; Togni, Mario; Cook, Stéphane; Heg, Dik; Windecker, Stephan; Goy, Jean-Jacques and Stortecky, Stefan (2021). Age-Related Outcomes After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement: Insights From the SwissTAVI Registry. JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions, 14(9), pp. 952-960. Elsevier 10.1016/j.jcin.2021.01.042

[img] Text
Attinger-Toller_JACCCardiovascInterv_2021.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (263kB) | Request a copy
[img] Text
Attinger-Toller_JACCCardiovascInterv_2021_AAM.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to registered users only until 8 April 2022.
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (1MB) | Request a copy
[img] Text
Attinger-Toller_JACCCardiovascInterv_2021_supplmat.pdf - Supplemental Material
Restricted to registered users only until 8 April 2022.
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (849kB) | Request a copy

OBJECTIVES

The aim of this study was to investigate age-related outcomes of patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) as assessed in a nationwide, prospective, multicenter cohort study.

BACKGROUND

TAVR is the preferred treatment for elderly patients with severe aortic stenosis and is expanding into lower age groups.

METHODS

Data from the SwissTAVI Registry were analyzed. Clinical outcomes were compared between patients 70 years of age or younger (n = 324), 70 to 79 years of age (n = 1,913), 80 to 89 years of age (n = 4,353), and older than 90 years of age (n = 507). Observed deaths were correlated with expected deaths in the general Swiss population using standardized mortality ratios.

RESULTS

Between February 2011 and June 2018, 7,097 patients (mean age 82.0 ± 6.4 years, 49.6% women) underwent TAVR at 15 hospitals in Switzerland. Procedural characteristics were similar; however, older patients more often had discharge to the referring hospital or a rehabilitation facility after TAVR. Using adjusted analyses, a linear trend for mortality (30-day adjusted hazard ratio [HRadj]: 1.45; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.18 to 1.77; 1-year HRadj: 1.12; 95% CI: 1.01 to 1.24), cerebrovascular accidents (30-day HRadj: 1.35; 95% CI: 1.09 to 1.66; 1-year HRadj: 1.21; 95% CI: 1.02 to 1.45), and pacemaker implantation (30-day HRadj: 1.23; 95% CI: 1.12 to 1.34; 1-year HRadj: 1.19; 95% CI: 1.09 to 1.30) was observed with increasing age. Furthermore, standardized mortality ratios were 12.63 (95% CI: 9.06 to 17.58), 4.09 (95% CI: 3.56 to 4.74), 1.63 (95% CI: 1.50 to 1.78), and 0.93 (95% CI: 0.76 to 1.14) for TAVR patients in relation to the Swiss population <70, 70 to 79, 80 to 89 and ≥90 years of age, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS

Increasing age is associated with a linear trend for mortality, stroke, and pacemaker implantation during early and longer term follow-up after TAVR. Standardized mortality ratios were higher for TAVR patients younger than 90 years of age compared with expected rates of mortality in an age- and sex-matched Swiss population. (SWISS TAVI Registry; NCT01368250).

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > CTU Bern
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiovascular Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Carrel, Thierry; Pilgrim, Thomas; Heg, Dierik Hans; Windecker, Stephan and Stortecky, Stefan

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1876-7605

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Kopp Heim

Date Deposited:

27 Apr 2021 18:21

Last Modified:

08 Jun 2021 09:17

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.jcin.2021.01.042

PubMed ID:

33865734

Uncontrolled Keywords:

age aortic stenosis transcatheter aortic valve replacement

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/156099

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/156099

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback