Polyphase extensional basins: interplay between tectonics and sedimentation in the Neogene Siena‐Radicofani Basin (Northern Apennines, Italy)

Martini, Ivan; Ambrosetti, Elisa; Brogi, Andrea; Aldinucci, Mauro; Zwaan, Frank; Sandrelli, Fabio (2021). Polyphase extensional basins: interplay between tectonics and sedimentation in the Neogene Siena‐Radicofani Basin (Northern Apennines, Italy). International journal of earth sciences Springer-Verlag 10.1007/s00531-021-02038-4

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Rift-basins are the shallow e ects of lithosphere-scale extensional processes often producing polyphase faulting. Their sedi- mentary evolution depends on the mutual interplay between tectonics, climate, and eustasy. Estimating the role of each factor is generally a challenging issue. This paper is focused on the tectono-sedimentary evolution of the Neogene Siena-Radicofani Basin, a polyphase structural depression located in the inner Northern Apennines. Since Miocene, this basin developed after prolonged extensional tectonics, rst as a bowl-shaped structural depression, later reorganized into a half-graben structure due to the activation of high-angle normal faults in the Zanclean. At that time the basin contained coeval continental and marine settings controlled by the normal faulting that caused the development of local coarse-grained depositional systems. These were investigated to: (i) discriminate between the in uences of tectonics and climate on sedimentation patterns, and (ii) provide detailed time constraints on fault activity. The analysed successions were deposited in an interval between 5.08 and 4.52 Ma, when a climate-induced highstand phase occurred throughout the Mediterranean. However, evidence of local relative sea-level drops is registered in the sedimentary record, often associated with increased accommodation space and sediment supply. Such base-level uctuations are not connected to climate changes, suggesting that the faults generally control sedimentation along the basin margins.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences > Quaternary Geology
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences > Exogenous Geology
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences > Tectonics

UniBE Contributor:

Zwaan, Frank

Subjects:

500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology

ISSN:

1437-3254

Publisher:

Springer-Verlag

Language:

English

Submitter:

Frank Zwaan

Date Deposited:

28 Apr 2021 11:51

Last Modified:

28 Apr 2021 11:51

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00531-021-02038-4

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/156108

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/156108

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