Quantitative Flow Ratio to Predict Nontarget Vessel-Related Events at 5 Years in Patients With ST-Segment-Elevation Myocardial Infarction Undergoing Angiography-Guided Revascularization.

Bär, Sarah; Kavaliauskaite, Raminta; Ueki, Yasushi; Otsuka, Tatsuhiko; Kelbæk, Henning; Engstrøm, Thomas; Baumbach, Andreas; Roffi, Marco; von Birgelen, Clemens; Ostojic, Miodrag; Pedrazzini, Giovanni; Kornowski, Ran; Tüller, David; Vukcevic, Vladan; Magro, Michael; Losdat, Sylvain; Windecker, Stephan; Räber, Lorenz (2021). Quantitative Flow Ratio to Predict Nontarget Vessel-Related Events at 5 Years in Patients With ST-Segment-Elevation Myocardial Infarction Undergoing Angiography-Guided Revascularization. Journal of the American Heart Association, 10(9), e019052. American Heart Association 10.1161/JAHA.120.019052

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Background In ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction, angiography-based complete revascularization is superior to culprit-lesion-only percutaneous coronary intervention. Quantitative flow ratio (QFR) is a novel, noninvasive, vasodilator-free method used to assess the hemodynamic significance of coronary stenoses. We aimed to investigate the incremental value of QFR over angiography in nonculprit lesions in patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction undergoing angiography-guided complete revascularization. Methods and Results This was a retrospective post hoc QFR analysis of untreated nontarget vessels (any degree of diameter stenosis [DS]) from the randomized multicenter COMFORTABLE AMI (Comparison of Biolimus Eluted From an Erodible Stent Coating With Bare Metal Stents in Acute ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction) trial by assessors blinded for clinical outcomes. The primary end point was cardiac death, spontaneous nontarget vessel myocardial infarction, and clinically indicated nontarget vessel revascularization (ie, ≥70% DS by 2-dimensional quantitative coronary angiography or ≥50% DS and ischemia) at 5 years. Of 1161 patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction, 946 vessels in 617 patients were analyzable by QFR. At 5 years, the rate of the primary end point was significantly higher in patients with QFR ≤0.80 (n=35 patients, n=36 vessels) versus QFR >0.80 (n=582 patients, n=910 vessels) (62.9% versus 12.5%, respectively; hazard ratio [HR], 7.33 [95% CI, 4.54-11.83], P<0.001), driven by higher rates of nontarget vessel myocardial infarction (12.8% versus 3.1%, respectively; HR, 4.38 [95% CI, 1.47-13.02], P=0.008) and nontarget vessel revascularization (58.6% versus 7.7%, respectively; HR, 10.99 [95% CI, 6.39-18.91], P<0.001) with no significant differences for cardiac death. Multivariable analysis identified QFR ≤0.80 but not ≥50% DS by 3-dimensional quantitative coronary angiography as an independent predictor of the primary end point. Results were consistent, including only >30% DS by 3-dimensional quantitative coronary angiography. Conclusions Our study suggests incremental value of QFR over angiography-guided percutaneous coronary intervention for nonculprit lesions among patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > CTU Bern

UniBE Contributor:

Bär, Sarah; Kavaliauskaite, Raminta; Ueki, Yasushi; Otsuka, Tatsuhiko; Losdat, Sylvain Pierre; Windecker, Stephan and Räber, Lorenz

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2047-9980

Publisher:

American Heart Association

Language:

English

Submitter:

Andrea Flükiger-Flückiger

Date Deposited:

07 May 2021 10:52

Last Modified:

08 May 2021 04:45

Publisher DOI:

10.1161/JAHA.120.019052

PubMed ID:

33899509

Uncontrolled Keywords:

ST‐segment–elevation myocardial infarction angiography coronary flow fractional flow reserve

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/156207

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/156207

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