Blood Omega-3 Fatty Acids Are Inversely Associated With Albumin-Creatinine Ratio in Young and Healthy Adults (The Omega-Kid Study).

Filipovic, Mark G; Reiner, Martin F; Rittirsch, Saskia; Irincheeva, Irina; Aeschbacher, Stefanie; Grossmann, Kirsten; Risch, Martin; Risch, Lorenz; Limacher, Andreas; Conen, David; Beer, Juerg H (2021). Blood Omega-3 Fatty Acids Are Inversely Associated With Albumin-Creatinine Ratio in Young and Healthy Adults (The Omega-Kid Study). Frontiers in cardiovascular medicine, 8, p. 622619. Frontiers 10.3389/fcvm.2021.622619

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Background: Omega-3 fatty acids are associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and with beneficial effects on CV risk factors. The albumin-creatinine ratio (ACR) is a risk factor for CVD, all-cause mortality and accelerated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) decline in the general population. We aimed to investigate the association between n-3 PUFAS and ACR in heathy individuals with preserved GFR. Design and Methods: The present cross-sectional analysis is part of the GAPP study, a population-based cohort of healthy adults aged 25-41 years. Individuals with known CVD, diabetes, or a BMI >35 kg/m2 were excluded. eGFR was calculated according to the combined Creatinine/Cystatin C CKD-EPI formula. ACR was obtained from a fasting morning urine sample. The Omega-3 Index (relative amount of EPA and DHA of total fatty acids in %) was obtained from whole blood aliquots. Results: Overall, 2001 participants (median age 37 years IQR 31; 40, 53% female) were included in this analysis. Median Omega-3 Index was 4.59 (IQR 4.06; 5.25) and median eGFR 111 ml/min/1.73 m2 (IQR 103; 118). Median ACR was 0.14 mg/mmol (IQR 0; 0.43). We found a significant inverse association of the Omega-3 Index with ACR (ratio 0.84, 95%CI 0.73-0.96; p = 0.011) which remained after comprehensive adjustment (ratio 0.86, 95%CI 0.74-1.00; p = 0.048). No association of the Omega-3 Index with eGFR was found. The adjusted difference in eGFR per 1-unit increase in Omega3-Index was -0.21 (95%CI -0.76; 0.35; p = 0.47). Conclusions: A higher Omega-3 Index was significantly associated with lower ACR in this young and healthy population with preserved eGFR. Omega-3 fatty acids may exhibit cardio- and nephroprotective effects in healthy individuals through modulation of ACR.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Institute of Clinical Chemistry
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > CTU Bern

UniBE Contributor:

Irincheeva, Irina; Risch, Lorenz and Limacher, Andreas

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2297-055X

Publisher:

Frontiers

Funders:

[116] Swiss Heart Foundation = Schweizerische Herzstiftung

Language:

English

Submitter:

Andrea Flükiger-Flückiger

Date Deposited:

19 May 2021 18:03

Last Modified:

19 May 2021 18:04

Publisher DOI:

10.3389/fcvm.2021.622619

PubMed ID:

33987209

Uncontrolled Keywords:

albumin-creatinine ratio albuminuria kidney nutrition omega-3-fatty acids population prevention

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/156418

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/156418

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