Hepatocellular Carcinoma Drug-Eluting Bead Transarterial Chemoembolization (DEB-TACE): Outcome Analysis Using a Model Based On Pre-Treatment CT Texture Features

Tipaldi, Marcello Andrea; Ronconi, Edoardo; Lucertini, Elena; Krokidis, Miltiadis; Zerunian, Marta; Polidori, Tiziano; Begini, Paola; Marignani, Massimo; Mazzuca, Federica; Caruso, Damiano; Rossi, Michele; Laghi, Andrea (2021). Hepatocellular Carcinoma Drug-Eluting Bead Transarterial Chemoembolization (DEB-TACE): Outcome Analysis Using a Model Based On Pre-Treatment CT Texture Features. Diagnostics, 11(6) MDPI 10.3390/diagnostics11060956

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(1) Introduction and Aim: The aim of this study is to investigate the prognostic value, in terms of response and survival, of CT-based radiomics features for patients with HCC undergoing drug-eluting beads transarterial chemoembolization (DEB-TACE). (2) Materials and Methods: Pre-treatment CT examinations of 50 patients with HCC, treated with DEB-TACE were manually segmented to obtain the tumor volumetric region of interest, extracting radiomics features with TexRAD. Response to therapy evaluation was performed basing on post-procedural CT examination compared to pre-procedural CT, using modified RECIST criteria for HCC. The prognostic value of texture analysis was evaluated, investigating the correlation between radiomics features, response to therapy and overall survival. Three models based on texture and clinical variables and a combination of them were finally built; (3) Results: Entropy, skewness, MPP and kurtosis showed a significant correlation with complete response (CR) to TACE (all p < 0.001). A predictive model to identify patients with a high and low probability of CR was evaluated with an ROC curve, with an AUC of 0.733 (p < 0.001). The three models built for survival prediction yielded an HR of 2.19 (95% CI: 2.03-2.35) using texture features, of 1.7 (95% CI: 1.54-1.9) using clinical data and of 4.61 (95% CI: 4.24-5.01) combining both radiomics and clinical data (all p < 0.0001). (4) Conclusion: Texture analysis based on pre-treatment CT examination is associated with response to therapy and survival in patients with HCC undergoing DEB-TACE, especially if combined with clinical data.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic, Interventional and Paediatric Radiology

UniBE Contributor:

Krokidis, Miltiadis


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








Maria de Fatima Henriques Bernardo

Date Deposited:

08 Jun 2021 09:38

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 15:51

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:






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